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Anti-Gremlin 1 Picoband Antibody

     
  • WB - Anti-Gremlin 1 Picoband Antibody ABO12312
    Anti- Gremlin 1 Picoband antibody, ABO12312, Western blottingAll lanes: Anti Gremlin 1 (ABO12312) at 0.5ug/mlWB: Rat Pancreas Tissue Lysate at 50ugPredicted bind size: 23KDObserved bind size: 23KD
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Product Information
Application
  • Applications Legend:
  • WB=Western Blot
  • IHC=Immunohistochemistry
  • IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin-embedded Sections)
  • IHC-F=Immunohistochemistry (Frozen Sections)
  • IF=Immunofluorescence
  • FC=Flow Cytopmetry
  • IC=Immunochemistry
  • ICC=Immunocytochemistry
  • E=ELISA
  • IP=Immunoprecipitation
  • DB=Dot Blot
  • CHIP=Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • FA=Fluorescence Assay
  • IEM=Immunoelectronmicroscopy
  • EIA=Enzyme Immunoassay
WB
Primary Accession O60565
Host Rabbit
Reactivity Human, Rat
Clonality Polyclonal
Format Lyophilized
Description Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Gremlin-1(GREM1) detection. Tested with WB in Human;Rat.
Reconstitution Add 0.2ml of distilled water will yield a concentration of 500ug/ml.
Additional Information
Gene ID 26585
Other Names Gremlin-1, Cell proliferation-inducing gene 2 protein, Cysteine knot superfamily 1, BMP antagonist 1, DAN domain family member 2, Down-regulated in Mos-transformed cells protein, Increased in high glucose protein 2, IHG-2, GREM1, CKTSF1B1, DAND2, DRM
Calculated MW 20697 MW KDa
Application Details Western blot, 0.1-0.5 µg/ml, Rat, Human
Subcellular Localization Secreted .
Tissue Specificity Highly expressed in small intestine, fetal brain and colon. Expression is restricted to intestinal subepithelial myofibroblasts (ISEMFs) at the crypt base. In subjects with HMPS1, by contrast, GREM1 is expressed, not only in basal ISEMFs, but also at very high levels in epithelial cells (predominantly colonocytes), with expression extending most of the way up the sides of the crypt. Weakly expressed in brain, ovary, prostate, pancreas and skeletal muscle. In brain found in the region localized around the internal capsule in the large subcortical nuclei, including caudate, putamen, substantia nigra, thalamus and subthalamus. Predominantly expressed in normal cells including neurons, astrocytes and fibroblasts. .
Protein Name Gremlin-1
Contents Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg NaN3.
Immunogen A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human Gremlin 1 (151-184aa TMMVTLNCPELQPPTKKKRVTRVKQCRCISIDLD), identical to the related mouse and rat sequences.
Purification Immunogen affinity purified.
Cross Reactivity No cross reactivity with other proteins
Storage At -20˚C for one year. After r˚Constitution, at 4˚C for one month. It˚Can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20˚C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Protein Information
Name GREM1
Synonyms CKTSF1B1, DAND2, DRM
Function Cytokine that may play an important role during carcinogenesis and metanephric kidney organogenesis, as a BMP antagonist required for early limb outgrowth and patterning in maintaining the FGF4-SHH feedback loop. Down-regulates the BMP4 signaling in a dose-dependent manner (By similarity). Antagonist of BMP2; inhibits BMP2-mediated differentiation of osteoblasts (in vitro) (PubMed:27036124). Acts as inhibitor of monocyte chemotaxis. Can inhibit the growth or viability of normal cells but not transformed cells when is overexpressed (By similarity).
Cellular Location Secreted.
Tissue Location Highly expressed in small intestine, fetal brain and colon. Expression is restricted to intestinal subepithelial myofibroblasts (ISEMFs) at the crypt base. In subjects with HMPS1, by contrast, GREM1 is expressed, not only in basal ISEMFs, but also at very high levels in epithelial cells (predominantly colonocytes), with expression extending most of the way up the sides of the crypt. Weakly expressed in brain, ovary, prostate, pancreas and skeletal muscle. In brain found in the region localized around the internal capsule in the large subcortical nuclei, including caudate, putamen, substantia nigra, thalamus and subthalamus. Predominantly expressed in normal cells including neurons, astrocytes and fibroblasts
Research Areas
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Background

Gremlin, also known as Drm, is a highly conserved 20.7-kDa, 184 amino acid glycoprotein part of the DAN family and is a cysteine knot-secreted protein. Skeletal cells synthesize bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and BMP antagonists. And Gremlin is expressed in osteoblasts and opposes BMP effects on osteoblastic differentiation and function in vitro. Gremlin 1 (GREM 1) is known for its antagonistic reaction with BMPs in the TGF beta signaling pathway. This gene inhibits BMP-2, BMP-4, and BMP-7. Inhibition by grem 1 of BMPs in mice allow the expression of fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) 4 and 8 and Sonic hedgehog (SHH) which are necessary for proper limb development. Gremlin 1 may play an oncogenic role especially in carcinomas of the uterine cervix, lung, ovary, kidney, breast, colon, pancreas, and sarcoma. Over-expressed gremlin 1 functions by interaction with YWHAH (Its binding site for gremlin 1 was located between residues 61-80 and gremlin 1 binding site for YWHAH was found to be located between residues 1-67). Therefore, Gremlin 1 and its binding protein YWHAH could be good targets for developing diagnostic and therapeutic strategies against human cancers.

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$ 240.00
Cat# ABO12312
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