|Application ||WB, IP|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey|
|Calculated MW||21184 Da|
|Application & Usage||Western blot analysis (0.5-4 µg/ml), immunoprecipitation (10-20 µg/ml). However, the optimal conditions should be determined individually.The antibody detects a 20 kDa protein, corresponding to the apparent molecular weight of Bax on SDS-PAGE immunoblots.|
|Other Names||581, BAX, 600040, P55269, Bax zeta|
|Formulation||100 µg (0.5 mg/ml) affinity purified rabbit anti-Bax polyclonal antibody in phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.2, containing 30% glycerol, 0.5% BSA, 0.01% thimerosal.|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||-20 °C|
|Precautions||Bax Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Accelerates programmed cell death by binding to, and antagonizing the apoptosis repressor BCL2 or its adenovirus homolog E1B 19k protein. Under stress conditions, undergoes a conformation change that causes translocation to the mitochondrion membrane, leading to the release of cytochrome c that then triggers apoptosis. Promotes activation of CASP3, and thereby apoptosis.|
|Cellular Location||Isoform Alpha: Mitochondrion membrane; Single-pass membrane protein. Cytoplasm. Note=Colocalizes with 14- 3-3 proteins in the cytoplasm. Under stress conditions, undergoes a conformation change that causes release from JNK-phosphorylated 14-3-3 proteins and translocation to the mitochondrion membrane Isoform Gamma: Cytoplasm.|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in a wide variety of tissues. Isoform Psi is found in glial tumors. Isoform Alpha is expressed in spleen, breast, ovary, testis, colon and brain, and at low levels in skin and lung. Isoform Sigma is expressed in spleen, breast, ovary, testis, lung, colon, brain and at low levels in skin. Isoform Alpha and isoform Sigma are expressed in pro- myelocytic leukemia, histiocytic lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, T- cell lymphoma, lymphoblastic leukemia, breast adenocarcinoma, ovary adenocarcinoma, prostate carcinoma, prostate adenocarcinoma, lung carcinoma, epidermoid carcinoma, small cell lung carcinoma and colon adenocarcinoma cell lines.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The Bcl-2 (B-cell leukemia/lymphoma 2) family proteins function to either inhibit (Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL) or promote (Bax and Bak) apoptosis. Bax contains the conserved Bcl-2 homology 1 (BH1) and 2 (BH2) domains that allow for its homodimerization or heterodimerization with Bcl-2. When Bcl-2 is in excess, apoptosis is inhibited. However, if Bax levels increase in response to a death signal, the cell is pushed toward death.
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