|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey|
|Calculated MW||33856 Da|
|Positive Control||Rat kidney tissue lysate|
|Application & Usage||Western Blot analysis (0.5-4 µg/ml). However, the optimal concentrations should be determined individually. Blocking peptide is available separately.|
|Other Names||Myeloid differentiation primary response protein, MyD88|
|Formulation||100 µg (0.5 mg/ml) affinity purified rabbit anti- MyD88 polyclonal antibody in phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.2, containing 30% glycerol, 0.5% BSA, 5 mM EDTA and 0.01% thimerosal|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||-20 °C|
|Precautions||MyD88 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Adapter protein involved in the Toll-like receptor and IL-1 receptor signaling pathway in the innate immune response. Acts via IRAK1, IRAK2, IRF7 and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response. Increases IL-8 transcription. Involved in IL-18-mediated signaling pathway. Activates IRF1 resulting in its rapid migration into the nucleus to mediate an efficient induction of IFN-beta, NOS2/INOS, and IL12A genes (By similarity). MyD88-mediated signaling in intestinal epithelial cells is crucial for maintenance of gut homeostasis and controls the expression of the antimicrobial lectin REG3G in the small intestine (By similarity).|
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MyD88 was identified as an adapter molecule in the IL-1 signaling pathway. MyD88 associates with and recruits IRAK to the IL-1 receptor complex in response to IL-1 treatment. Dominant-negative form of MyD88 attenuates IL-1R-mediated NF-B activation. MyD88 is also employed as a regulator molecule by IL-18 receptor and human Toll receptor, which are members in the Toll/IL-1R family of receptors. Targeted disruption of the MyD88 gene results in loss of cellular responses to IL-1 and IL-18. MyD88 is a general adaptor protein for the Toll/IL-1R family of receptors and plays an important role in the inflammatory response induced by cytokines IL-1 and IL-18 and endotoxin. MyD88 gene is expressed in many tissues.
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