|Application ||WB, IHC, IP|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||28769 Da|
|Application & Usage||Western blotting (0.5-4 µg/ml). Per researcher’s feedback, it can also be used in immunoprecipitation and Immunohistochemistry (frozen & paraffin). However, the optimal conditions should be determined individually.|
|Other Names||PCNA, proliferating cell nuclear antigen|
|Formulation||100 µg (0.2 mg/ml) affinity purified rabbit anti-PCNA polyclonal antibody in phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.2, containing 30% glycerol, 0.5% BSA, 0.01% thimerosal.|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||-20 °C|
|Precautions||PCNA Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Auxiliary protein of DNA polymerase delta and is involved in the control of eukaryotic DNA replication by increasing the polymerase's processibility during elongation of the leading strand. Induces a robust stimulatory effect on the 3'- 5' exonuclease and 3'-phosphodiesterase, but not apurinic- apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease, APEX2 activities. Has to be loaded onto DNA in order to be able to stimulate APEX2. Plays a key role in DNA damage response (DDR) by being conveniently positioned at the replication fork to coordinate DNA replication with DNA repair and DNA damage tolerance pathways (PubMed:24939902). Acts as a loading platform to recruit DDR proteins that allow completion of DNA replication after DNA damage and promote postreplication repair: Monoubiquitinated PCNA leads to recruitment of translesion (TLS) polymerases, while 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination of PCNA is involved in error-free pathway and employs recombination mechanisms to synthesize across the lesion.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Note=Colocalizes with CREBBP, EP300 and POLD1 to sites of DNA damage (PubMed:24939902). Forms nuclear foci representing sites of ongoing DNA replication and vary in morphology and number during S phase. Together with APEX2, is redistributed in discrete nuclear foci in presence of oxidative DNA damaging agents.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
PCNA (Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen) is a 36 kDa protein also known as cyclin. In early S phase, PCNA has a very granular distribution and is absent from the nucleoli. At late S phase, PCNA is prominent in the nucleoli. There are two forms of PCNA protein present in cells, a soluble form sensitive to organic fixation and not involved in replication, and the other form is insoluble and is associated with ongoing DNA synthesis.
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