|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat, Rabbit|
|Calculated MW||58043 Da|
|Application & Usage||Western blotting (0.5-4 µg/ml). However, the optimal concentrations should be determined individually. Jurkat cell lysate can be used as a positive control. The antibody recognizes 60 kDa Pak2 of human, mouse, rat, and rabbit origins. The antibody does not cross-react with Pak1, Pak3, and Pak4-6. Reactivity to other species has not been tested.|
|Other Names||PAK-2 , PAK65 , Gamma-PAK , hPAK65 , PAKgamma|
|Formulation||100 µg (0.5 mg/ml) affinity purified rabbit polyclonal antibody in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) containing 30% glycerol, 0.5% BSA, and 0.01% thimerosal.|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||-20 °C|
|Precautions||PAK2 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Serine/threonine protein kinase that plays a role in a variety of different signaling pathways including cytoskeleton regulation, cell motility, cell cycle progression, apoptosis or proliferation. Acts as downstream effector of the small GTPases CDC42 and RAC1. Activation by the binding of active CDC42 and RAC1 results in a conformational change and a subsequent autophosphorylation on several serine and/or threonine residues. Full-length PAK2 stimulates cell survival and cell growth. Phosphorylates MAPK4 and MAPK6 and activates the downstream target MAPKAPK5, a regulator of F-actin polymerization and cell migration. Phosphorylates JUN and plays an important role in EGF- induced cell proliferation. Phosphorylates many other substrates including histone H4 to promote assembly of H3.3 and H4 into nucleosomes, BAD, ribosomal protein S6, or MBP. Additionally, associates with ARHGEF7 and GIT1 to perform kinase-independent functions such as spindle orientation control during mitosis. On the other hand, apoptotic stimuli such as DNA damage lead to caspase-mediated cleavage of PAK2, generating PAK-2p34, an active p34 fragment that translocates to the nucleus and promotes cellular apoptosis involving the JNK signaling pathway. Caspase- activated PAK2 phosphorylates MKNK1 and reduces cellular translation.|
|Cellular Location||Serine/threonine-protein kinase PAK 2: Cytoplasm. Note=MYO18A mediates the cellular distribution of the PAK2-ARHGEF7-GIT1 complex to the inner surface of the cell membrane|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitously expressed. Higher levels seen in skeletal muscle, ovary, thymus and spleen|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The PAK (p21-activated kinase) family of serine/threonine kinases plays an important role in multiple cellular processes, including cytoskeletal reorganization, MAPK signaling, apoptotic signaling, etc. Binding of Rac/cdc42 to the CRIB (or PBD) domain at the N-terminal region of PAK causes autophosphorylation and conformational change of PAK. Phosphorylation of Ser21 of PAK1 or Ser20 of PAK2 regulates its binding with the adaptor protein Nck.
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