|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||88054 Da|
|Application & Usage||Western blotting (0.5-4 µg/ml). However, the optimal concentrations should be determined individually. The antibody recognizes ~97 kDa Stat3 in samples from human, mouse, and rat origins. Reactivity to other species has not been tested.|
|Other Names||Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, stat -3, STAT3, STAT -3, STAT 3, APRF , FLJ20882 , MGC16063|
|Formulation||100 µg (0.5 mg/ml) purified rabbit polyclonal antibody in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) containing 30% glycerol, 0.5% BSA, and 0.01% thimerosal.|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||-20 °C|
|Precautions||Stat3 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Signal transducer and transcription activator that mediates cellular responses to interleukins, KITLG/SCF, LEP and other growth factors. Once activated, recruits coactivators, such as NCOA1 or MED1, to the promoter region of the target gene. May mediate cellular responses to activated FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 and FGFR4. Binds to the interleukin-6 (IL-6)-responsive elements identified in the promoters of various acute-phase protein genes. Activated by IL31 through IL31RA. Acts as a regulator of inflammatory response by regulating differentiation of naive CD4(+) T-cells into T-helper Th17 or regulatory T-cells (Treg): deacetylation and oxidation of lysine residues by LOXL3, leads to disrupt STAT3 dimerization and inhibit its transcription activity (By similarity). Involved in cell cycle regulation by inducing the expression of key genes for the progression from G1 to S phase, such as CCND1 (By similarity). Mediates the effects of LEP on melanocortin production, body energy homeostasis and lactation (PubMed:12594516). May play an apoptotic role by transctivating BIRC5 expression under LEP activation (PubMed:16825198). Cytoplasmic STAT3 represses macroautophagy by inhibiting EIF2AK2/PKR activity (By similarity). Plays a crucial role in basal beta cell functions, such as regulation of insulin secretion (PubMed:20215569). Plays an important role in host defense in methicillin-resistant S.aureus lung infection by regulating the expression of the antimicrobial lectin REG3G (PubMed:23401489).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Predominantly present in the cytoplasm without stimuli. Upon leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) stimulation, accumulates in the nucleus. The complex composed of BART and ARL2 plays an important role in the nuclear translocation and retention of STAT3 (By similarity). Shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Translocated into the nucleus upon tyrosine phosphorylation and dimerization, in response to signaling by activated FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 or FGFR4 Constitutive nuclear presence is independent of tyrosine phosphorylation.|
|Tissue Location||STAT3A is seen in the liver, spleen, and kidney. STAT3B is also detected in the liver, although in a much less abundant manner. Expressed in the lung and an increase in expression levels seen during methicillin-resistant S.aureus infection.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Membrane receptor signaling by various ligands induces activation of Jak kinases which then leads to tyrosine phosphorylation of the various Stat transcription factors. Stat1 and Stat2 are induced by IFN-α and form a heterodimer which is part of the ISGF3 transcription factor complex. Altho µgh early reports indicate Stat3 activation by EGF and IL-6, it has been shown that Stat3β appears to be activated by both while Stat3α is activated by EGF, but not by IL-6. Highest expression of Stat4 is seen in testis and myeloid cells. IL-12 has been identified as an activator of Stat4. Stat5 is activated by prolactin and by IL-3. Stat6 is involved in IL-4 activated signaling pathways.
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