|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey, Bovine|
|Calculated MW||23659 Da|
|Application & Usage||Western blotting (0.5-4 µg/ml), immunoprecipitation and immunhistochemistry. However, the optimal concentrations should be determined individually. The antibody recognizes 26 kDa Rab5 of human, mouse, monkey, bovine and rat origins. Reactivity to other species has not been tested.|
|Other Names||RAB5 , Rab5a , RAS , RAS associated protein , RAB5A , RAB 5A , RAB 5|
|Formulation||100 µg (0.5 mg/ml) affinity purified rabbit polyclonal antibody in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) containing 30% glycerol, 0.5% BSA, and 0.01% thimerosal.|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||-20 °C|
|Precautions||Rab5 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||The small GTPases Rab are key regulators of intracellular membrane trafficking, from the formation of transport vesicles to their fusion with membranes. Rabs cycle between an inactive GDP-bound form and an active GTP-bound form that is able to recruit to membranes different sets of downstream effectors directly responsible for vesicle formation, movement, tethering and fusion. RAB5A is required for the fusion of plasma membranes and early endosomes. Contributes to the regulation of filopodia extension.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor; Cytoplasmic side. Early endosome membrane; Lipid-anchor. Melanosome Cytoplasmic vesicle. Cell projection, ruffle. Membrane. Cytoplasm, cytosol. Note=Enriched in stage I melanosomes. Alternates between membrane-bound and cytosolic forms|
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Rab5 is a 24 kDa GTP-binding protein that is localized to the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane, clathrin-coated vesicles, and early endosomes. Rab5 is believed to regulate vesicle fusion thro µgh a cycle of GDP/GTP exchange and GTP hydrolysis. The different guanine nucleotide binding states of rab5 is postulated to affect its ability to associate or dissociate with membranes during endocytotic membrane traffic. Its GTP-bound form, which represents the active form of Rab5, associates with membrane and regulates vesicle docking and fusion.
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