|Calculated MW||34626 Da|
|Application & Usage||Western blotting (0.5-4 µg/ml). However, the optimal concentrations should be determined individually. Jurkat cell lysate can be used as the positive control. The antibody recognizes 34 kDa XAF-1 from samples of human origins. Reactivity to other species has not been tested.|
|Other Names||XAF 1 , XIAP , HSXIAPAF1 , HSXIAPAF 1 , BIRC4 , BIRC 4|
|Formulation||100 µg (0.5 mg/ml) Protein A affinity purified rabbit polyclonal antibody in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) containing 30% glycerol, 0.5% BSA, and 0.01% thimerosal.|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||-20 °C|
|Precautions||XAF-1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Seems to function as a negative regulator of members of the IAP (inhibitor of apoptosis protein) family. Inhibits anti- caspase activity of BIRC4. Induces cleavage and inactivation of BIRC4 independent of caspase activation. Mediates TNF-alpha- induced apoptosis and is involved in apoptosis in trophoblast cells. May inhibit BIRC4 indirectly by activating the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. After translocation to mitochondra, promotes translocation of BAX to mitochondria and cytochrome c release from mitochondria. Seems to promote the redistribution of BIRC4 from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, probably independent of BIRC4 inactivation which seems to occur in the cytoplasm. The BIRC4-XAF1 complex mediates down-regulation of BIRC5/survivin; the process requires the E3 ligase activity of BIRC4. Seems to be involved in cellular sensitivity to the proapoptotic actions of TRAIL. May be a tumor suppressor by mediating apoptosis resistance of cancer cells.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Mitochondrion. Note=Found in the cytoplasm and nucleus of placental syncytiotrophoblasts. Translocates to mitochondria upon TNF-alpha treatment Isoform 5: Nucleus.|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed. Expression is frequently down-regulated in cancer cell lines. Isoform 5 is widely expressed. Expressed in placenta (at protein level)|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
XAF-1 binds to XIAP, an inhibitor of caspases-3, -7, -9 and triggers its relocation from the cytosol to the nucleus. Overexpression of XAF-1 results in the neutralization of XIAP’s ability to inhibit cell death. XAF-1is normally expressed in all adult and fetal tissues but was found to be present in very low levels in a variety of cancer cell lines. In contrast, XIAP levels have been shown to be high in a majority of cell lines.
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