|Application ||WB, IHC, IF, FC|
|Calculated MW||40076 Da|
|Positive Control||Western blot: 293 cell lysate, IHC: human lung carcinoma, FACS: A549 cells, IF: A549 cells|
|Application & Usage||Western blot: ~1:1000, IHC: ~1:10–1:50, IF: ~1:10–1:50, FACS: ~1:10-1:50.|
|Other Names||CD14; Monocyte differentiation antigen CD14; Myeloid cell-specific leucine-rich glycoprotein; CD_antigen=CD14; Monocyte differentiation antigen CD14, urinary form; Monocyte differentiation antigen CD14, membrane-bound form.|
|Formulation||100 µl of antibody in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||-20 °C|
|Precautions||CD-14 Antibody (NT) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Coreceptor for bacterial lipopolysaccharide (PubMed:1698311, PubMed:23264655). In concert with LBP, binds to monomeric lipopolysaccharide and delivers it to the LY96/TLR4 complex, thereby mediating the innate immune response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (PubMed:20133493, PubMed:23264655). Acts via MyD88, TIRAP and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response (PubMed:8612135). Acts as a coreceptor for TLR2:TLR6 heterodimer in response to diacylated lipopeptides and for TLR2:TLR1 heterodimer in response to triacylated lipopeptides, these clusters trigger signaling from the cell surface and subsequently are targeted to the Golgi in a lipid-raft dependent pathway (PubMed:16880211). Binds electronegative LDL (LDL(-)) and mediates the cytokine release induced by LDL(-) (PubMed:23880187).|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Lipid- anchor, GPI-anchor. Secreted Membrane raft. Golgi apparatus. Note=Secreted forms may arise by cleavage of the GPI anchor.|
|Tissue Location||Detected on macrophages (at protein level) (PubMed:1698311). Expressed strongly on the surface of monocytes and weakly on the surface of granulocytes; also expressed by most tissue macrophages.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) elicits the secretion of mediators and cytokines produced by activated macrophages and monocytes. CD14 is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein found on the surfaces of monocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocytes. CD14 functions as a receptor for LPS, resulting in the secretion of various proteins. An important component in the LPS activation of monocytes through the CD14 receptor is the “adapter molecule,” lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP). There are two forms of CD14, a membrane-associated form (mCD14), and a soluble form (sCD14). mCD14 responds to LPS alone and facilitates the secretion of proteins, while cells not expressing mCD14 fail to respond to LPS. The cells that lack mCD14 respond to LPS/LBP in the presence of sCD14.
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