|Calculated MW||93013 Da|
|Positive Control||Western blot: U251 cell lysate|
|Application & Usage||Western blot: ~1:1000.|
|Other Names||KAT2B; PCAF; Histone acetyltransferase KAT2B; Histone acetyltransferase PCAF; Lysine acetyltransferase 2B; P300/CBP-associated factor.|
|Formulation||100 µl of antibody in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||-20 °C|
|Precautions||PCAF Antibody (CT) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Functions as a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) to promote transcriptional activation. Has significant histone acetyltransferase activity with core histones (H3 and H4), and also with nucleosome core particles. Also acetylates non-histone proteins, such as ACLY. Inhibits cell-cycle progression and counteracts the mitogenic activity of the adenoviral oncoprotein E1A. In case of HIV-1 infection, it is recruited by the viral protein Tat. Regulates Tat's transactivating activity and may help inducing chromatin remodeling of proviral genes. Acts as a circadian transcriptional coactivator which enhances the activity of the circadian transcriptional activators: NPAS2-ARNTL/BMAL1 and CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimers.|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitously expressed but most abundant in heart and skeletal muscle.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The acetylation of histone lysine residues plays a crucial role in the epigenetic regulation of gene transcription. A bromodomain is a protein domain that recognizes acetylated lysine residues such as those on the N-terminal tails of histones. This recognition is often a prerequisite for protein-histone association and chromatin remodeling. These domains function in the linking of protein complexes to acetylated nucleosomes, thereby controlling chromatin structure and gene expression. Thus, bromodomains serve as “readers” of histone acetylation marks regulating the transcription of target promoters. P300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF) is a transcriptional coactivator that works both as a histone lysine acetyltransferase, through its HAT domain, and as an acetyl-lysine reader through its conserved bromodomain located directly C-terminal to the HAT domain. The PCAF bromodomain binds acetylated histone H3 and H4 as well as non-histone targets. Bromodomain binding is dictated by the position of the acetylated lysine as well as interactions with specific residues flanking the acetyl-lysine. PCAF also specifically binds the HIV viral protein Tat on acetylated K50 to regulate its transactivating activity and help induce chromatin remodeling of proviral genes, thereby promoting transcription of viral proteins.
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