|Application ||WB, DB|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat, Bovine|
|Calculated MW||14688 Da|
|Positive Control||WB: SH-SY5Y cells, Dot blot: Phospho and non-phospho peptides|
|Application & Usage||WB: ~1:1000, DB: 1:500.|
|Other Names||MAP1LC3A; Microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3A; Autophagy-related protein LC3 A; Autophagy-related ubiquitin-like modifier LC3 A; MAP1 light chain 3-like protein 1; Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 alpha|
|Formulation||Supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide.|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||-20 °C|
|Precautions||Phospho-LC3C(S12) Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Ubiquitin-like modifier involved in formation of autophagosomal vacuoles (autophagosomes). Plays a role in mitophagy which contributes to regulate mitochondrial quantity and quality by eliminating the mitochondria to a basal level to fulfill cellular energy requirements and preventing excess ROS production. Whereas LC3s are involved in elongation of the phagophore membrane, the GABARAP/GATE-16 subfamily is essential for a later stage in autophagosome maturation. Promotes primary ciliogenesis by removing OFD1 from centriolar satellites via the autophagic pathway.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Endomembrane system; Lipid-anchor. Cytoplasmic vesicle, autophagosome membrane; Lipid-anchor. Note=LC3-II binds to the autophagic membranes Localizes also to discrete punctae along the ciliary axoneme (By similarity).|
|Tissue Location||Most abundant in heart, brain, skeletal muscle and testis. Little expression observed in liver|
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Autophagy is an alternative process of proteasomal degradation for some long-lived proteins or organelles. Alterations in the autophagic-lysosomal compartment have been linked to neuronal death in many neurodegenerative disorders as well as in transmissible neuronal pathologies (prion diseases). Genetic studies in yeast have shown that Autophagy-defective Gene-8 (Atg-8) represents a specific marker for autophagy. Among the four families of mammalian Atg8-related proteins only LC3 (Microtubule-associated Protein1 Light Chain 3) is expressed at sufficient high levels and efficiently recruited to autophagic vesicles in cells and tissues. During autophagy the cytoplasmic form, LC3-I is processed and recruited to autophagosomes, where LC3-II is generated by site specific proteolysis near to the C-terminus. Autophagic vacuoles have been also reported frequently in cardiomyopathies or muscle cells exposed to different experimental settings.
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