|Isotype||Mouse IgG1, Kappa|
|Calculated MW||51111 Da|
|Positive Control||FACS: Human PMBCs|
|Application & Usage||Flow (Cell Surface): 5 µl/1x10^6 cells, Volume per test: 5 µl (1 µg).|
|Formulation||Phosphate-buffered aqueous solution pH 7.2, ≤0.09% Sodium azide, may contain carrier protein/stabilizer.|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||4°C|
|Precautions||CD4 FITC Monoclonal Antibody (Clone RPA-T4) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Accessory protein for MHC class-II antigen/T-cell receptor interaction. May regulate T-cell activation. Induces the aggregation of lipid rafts.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein Note=Localizes to lipid rafts. Removed from plasma membrane by HIV-1 Nef protein that increases clathrin-dependent endocytosis of this antigen to target it to lysosomal degradation. Cell surface expression is also down-modulated by HIV-1 Envelope polyprotein gp160 that interacts with, and sequesters CD4 in the endoplasmic reticulum|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
CD3 (T3), a complex T cell marker, is known to associate noncovalently with the a/b or g/z heterodimer of the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) to form the most complex transmembrane (TM) receptor structures. CD3 is specially engaged in antigen recognition and is known to play an important role in mediating signals that are critical for T cell development in the thymus, proliferation, and induction of T cell-mediated immune responses against infectious agents and also in the differentiation of T cells into effector and memory populations. CD3 usually expresses in the cytoplasm of prothymocytes, and on the surface of about 95% of thymocytes, but cytoplasmic CD3 is lost as the cells differentiate into medullary thymocytes. Apart from its role as an important marker in the classification of malignant lymphomas and lymphoid leukemia, CD3 can also be useful for the identification of T cells in celiac disease, lymphocytic colitis and colorectal carcinomas associated with loss of a mismatch repair protein. CD3 indirectly plays an important role in immunomodulation whereas the anti-CD3 antibody may be used in in vitro Treg assays to generate effector T cells. The CD3 complex contains γ, δ, and ε chains, and it is part of the TCR complex, expressed by all mature T lymphocytes and by the thymocyte lineage. The OKT3 monoclonal antibody specifically reacts with the ε chain of the CD3/T lymphocyte antigen receptor complex. CD3 enhances the antigen recognition by signal transduction. The OKT3 antibody is an immunosuppressive, which has proven to be an effective therapeutic agent in liver, heart, and renal allograft rejection.
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