|Isotype||Mouse IgG1, Kappa|
|Calculated MW||147254 Da|
|Positive Control||FACS: Human peripheral blood lymphocytes|
|Application & Usage||Flow (Cell Surface): 5 µl/1x10^6 cells, Volume per test: 5 µl (0.25 µg).|
|Formulation||Phosphate-buffered aqueous solution pH 7.2, ≤0.09% Sodium azide, may contain carrier protein/stabilizer.|
|Handling||The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||4°C|
|Precautions||CD45 FITC Monoclonal Antibody (Clone HI30) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Protein tyrosine-protein phosphatase required for T-cell activation through the antigen receptor. Acts as a positive regulator of T-cell coactivation upon binding to DPP4. The first PTPase domain has enzymatic activity, while the second one seems to affect the substrate specificity of the first one. Upon T-cell activation, recruits and dephosphorylates SKAP1 and FYN. Dephosphorylates LYN, and thereby modulates LYN activity (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein Membrane raft. Note=Colocalized with DPP4 in membrane rafts|
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CD45, a transmembrane multifunctional glycoprotein, is a member of Type I receptor-linked PTPase family and is expressed as multiple isoforms due to alternative splicing. Expression of these isoforms is highly regulated and shift in this expression determines T-cell activation. CD45RB consists of exon B and is predominantly expressed in naïve T-cells secreting IL-2. Its expression is low in primed/memory T cells, cells that express Th2 cytokines such as IL-4 and IL-10 and population of T-cells with regulatory function. Immunotherapy with CD45RB antibody is being widely studied in transplantation and vaccination. CD45 antibodies are commonly used to identify tumors of lymphoid origin. The HI130 monoclonal antibody specifically reacts with the 180 kDa, 190 kDa, 205 kDa, and 220 kDa isoforms of the human leukocyte common antigen (LCA) CD45. It is expressed on lymphocytes, granulocytes, monocytes, thymocytes, and eosinophils, but not on mature erythrocytes, platelets, mature erythroid cells of bone marrow, and non-hematopoietic tissues. CD45 is essential for T cell activation and the tyrosine phosphatase activity of its intracellular region is integral for signal transduction.
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