|Application ||WB, IHC, IF|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||18502 Da|
|Other Names||Cofilin-1, 18 kDa phosphoprotein, p18, Cofilin, non-muscle isoform, CFL1, CFL|
|Target/Specificity||The antibody was affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum using epitope-specific phosphopeptide column, and the antibody against non-phosphopeptide was removed using non-phosphopeptide column corresponding to the phosphorylation site.|
|Format||affinity Purified IgG, in PBS, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Phospho-Cofilin-S3 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Binds to F-actin and exhibits pH-sensitive F-actin depolymerizing activity. Regulates actin cytoskeleton dynamics. Important for normal progress through mitosis and normal cytokinesis. Plays a role in the regulation of cell morphology and cytoskeletal organization. Required for the up-regulation of atypical chemokine receptor ACKR2 from endosomal compartment to cell membrane, increasing its efficiency in chemokine uptake and degradation (PubMed:11812157, PubMed:15580268, PubMed:21834987, PubMed:23633677). Required for neural tube morphogenesis and neural crest cell migration (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus matrix. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cell projection, ruffle membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side. Cell projection, lamellipodium membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side. Note=Colocalizes with the actin cytoskeleton in membrane ruffles and lamellipodia. Detected at the cleavage furrow and contractile ring during cytokinesis. Almost completely in nucleus in cells exposed to heat shock or 10% dimethyl sulfoxide|
|Tissue Location||Widely distributed in various tissues.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Cofilin is a widely distributed intracellular actin-modulating protein that binds and depolymerizes filamentous F-actin and inhibits the polymerization of monomeric G-actin in a pH-dependent manner. It is involved in the translocation of actin-cofilin complex from cytoplasm to nucleus.
Actin-depolymerizing factor cofilin-1 is necessary in maintaining mature podocyte architecture. Garg P, et al. J Biol Chem, 2010 Jul 16. PMID 20472933. Proteome analysis of the thalamus and cerebrospinal fluid reveals glycolysis dysfunction and potential biomarkers candidates for schizophrenia. Martins-de-Souza D, et al. J Psychiatr Res, 2010 May 14. PMID 20471030. Sex-specific proteome differences in the anterior cingulate cortex of schizophrenia. Martins-de-Souza D, et al. J Psychiatr Res, 2010 Apr 8. PMID 20381070. HUNK suppresses metastasis of basal type breast cancers by disrupting the interaction between PP2A and cofilin-1. Quintela-Fandino M, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2010 Feb 9. PMID 20133759. Tyrosine phosphorylation of cofilin at Y68 by v-Src leads to its degradation through ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Yoo Y, et al. Oncogene, 2010 Jan 14. PMID 19802004.
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