|Application ||IHC, E|
|Other Accession||NP_078884, 79661|
|Calculated MW||43684 Da|
|Other Names||Endonuclease 8-like 1, 3.2.2.-, 18.104.22.168, DNA glycosylase/AP lyase Neil1, DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase Neil1, Endonuclease VIII-like 1, FPG1, Nei homolog 1, NEH1, Nei-like protein 1, NEIL1|
|Format||0.5 mg IgG/ml in Tris saline (20mM Tris pH7.3, 150mM NaCl), 0.02% sodium azide, with 0.5% bovine serum albumin|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Goat Anti-NEIL1 / NEH1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Involved in base excision repair of DNA damaged by oxidation or by mutagenic agents. Acts as DNA glycosylase that recognizes and removes damaged bases. Has a preference for oxidized pyrimidines, such as thymine glycol, formamidopyrimidine (Fapy) and 5-hydroxyuracil. Has marginal activity towards 8- oxoguanine. Has AP (apurinic/apyrimidinic) lyase activity and introduces nicks in the DNA strand. Cleaves the DNA backbone by beta-delta elimination to generate a single-strand break at the site of the removed base with both 3'- and 5'-phosphates. Has DNA glycosylase/lyase activity towards mismatched uracil and thymine, in particular in U:C and T:C mismatches. Specifically binds 5- hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), suggesting that it acts as a specific reader of 5hmC.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome Nucleus. Chromosome. Note=During mitosis, associates with centrosomes and condensed chromatin|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
NEIL1 belongs to a class of DNA glycosylases homologous to the bacterial Fpg/Nei family. These glycosylases initiate the first step in base excision repair by cleaving bases damaged by reactive oxygen species and introducing a DNA strand break via the associated lyase reaction (Bandaru et al., 2002 [PubMed 12509226]).
Variation within DNA repair pathway genes and risk of multiple sclerosis. Briggs FB, et al. Am J Epidemiol, 2010 Jul 15. PMID 20522537.
Comprehensive screen of genetic variation in DNA repair pathway genes and postmenopausal breast cancer risk. Monsees GM, et al. Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2010 May 23. PMID 20496165.
Mutation versus repair: NEIL1 removal of hydantoin lesions in single-stranded, bulge, bubble, and duplex DNA contexts. Zhao X, et al. Biochemistry, 2010 Mar 2. PMID 20099873.
Non-specific DNA binding interferes with the efficient excision of oxidative lesions from chromatin by the human DNA glycosylase, NEIL1. Odell ID, et al. DNA Repair (Amst), 2010 Feb 4. PMID 20005182.
Catalytically impaired hMYH and NEIL1 mutant proteins identified in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis and cholangiocarcinoma. Forsbring M, et al. Carcinogenesis, 2009 Jul. PMID 19443904.
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