|Application ||WB, IHC, E|
|Other Accession||NP_004064.2, 1263|
|Calculated MW||71629 Da|
|Other Names||Serine/threonine-protein kinase PLK3, 220.127.116.11, Cytokine-inducible serine/threonine-protein kinase, FGF-inducible kinase, Polo-like kinase 3, PLK-3, Proliferation-related kinase, PLK3, CNK, FNK, PRK|
|Format||0.5 mg/ml in Tris saline, 0.02% sodium azide, pH7.3 with 0.5% bovine serum albumin|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||polo-like kinase 3 (aa320-333) Antibody (internal region) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||CNK, FNK, PRK|
|Function||Serine/threonine-protein kinase involved in cell cycle regulation, response to stress and Golgi disassembly. Polo-like kinases act by binding and phosphorylating proteins are that already phosphorylated on a specific motif recognized by the POLO box domains. Phosphorylates ATF2, BCL2L1, CDC25A, CDC25C, CHEK2, HIF1A, JUN, p53/TP53, p73/TP73, PTEN, TOP2A and VRK1. Involved in cell cycle regulation: required for entry into S phase and cytokinesis. Phosphorylates BCL2L1, leading to regulate the G2 checkpoint and progression to cytokinesis during mitosis. Plays a key role in response to stress: rapidly activated upon stress stimulation, such as ionizing radiation, reactive oxygen species (ROS), hyperosmotic stress, UV irradiation and hypoxia. Involved in DNA damage response and G1/S transition checkpoint by phosphorylating CDC25A, p53/TP53 and p73/TP73. Phosphorylates p53/TP53 in response to reactive oxygen species (ROS), thereby promoting p53/TP53-mediated apoptosis. Phosphorylates CHEK2 in response to DNA damage, promoting the G2/M transition checkpoint. Phosphorylates the transcription factor p73/TP73 in response to DNA damage, leading to inhibit p73/TP73-mediated transcriptional activation and pro-apoptotic functions. Phosphorylates HIF1A and JUN is response to hypoxia. Phosphorylates ATF2 following hyperosmotic stress in corneal epithelium. Also involved in Golgi disassembly during the cell cycle: part of a MEK1/MAP2K1-dependent pathway that induces Golgi fragmentation during mitosis by mediating phosphorylation of VRK1. May participate in endomitotic cell cycle, a form of mitosis in which both karyokinesis and cytokinesis are interrupted and is a hallmark of megakaryocyte differentiation, via its interaction with CIB1.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Nucleus, nucleolus. Golgi apparatus. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Note=Translocates to the nucleus upon cisplatin treatment. Localizes to the Golgi apparatus during interphase. According to a report, PLK3 localizes only in the nucleolus and not in the centrosome, or in any other location in the cytoplasm (PubMed:17264206). The discrepancies in results may be explained by the PLK3 antibody specificity, by cell line- specific expression or post-translational modifications|
|Tissue Location||Transcripts are highly detected in placenta, lung, followed by skeletal muscle, heart, pancreas, ovaries and kidney and weakly detected in liver and brain. May have a short half-live. In cells of hematopoietic origin, strongly and exclusively detected in terminally differentiated macrophages Transcript expression appears to be down-regulated in primary lung tumor|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Bcl-xL phosphorylation at Ser49 by polo kinase 3 during cell cycle progression and checkpoints. Wang J, Beauchemin M, Bertrand R. Cell Signal. 2011 Dec;23(12):2030-8. PMID: 21840391
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