|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Homology||Rabbit, bovine, pig, guinea pig - identical; rat, mouse - 17/19 amino acid residues identical; chicken - 15/19 amino acid residues identical.|
|Other Names||IRK1, Kcnj2|
|Related products for control experiments||Control peptide antigen (supplied with the antibody free of charge).|
|Target/Specificity||Peptide (C)NGVPESTSTDTPPDIDLHN, corresponding to amino acid residues 392-410 of human Kir2.1 (Accession P48049). Intracellular, C-terminal part.|
|Peptide Confirmation||Confirmed by mass-spectrography and amino acid analysis.|
|Format||Affinity purified antibody, lyophilized powder|
|Reconstitution||50 µl or 0.2 ml deionized water, depending on the sample size.|
|Antibody Concentration After Reconstitution||0.6 mg/ml.|
|Storage Before Reconstitution||Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.|
|Storage After Reconstitution||The reconstituted solution can be stored at 4ºC for up to 2 weeks. For longer periods, small aliquots should be stored at -20ºC or below. Avoid multiple freezing and thawing. The further dilutions should be made using a carrier protein such as BSA (1%). Centrifuge all antibody preparations before use (10000 × g 5 min).|
|Control Antigen Storage Before Reconstitution||Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.|
|Control Antigen Reconstitution||100 µl water.|
|Control Antigen Storage After Reconstitution||-20ºC.|
|Preadsorption Control||1 µg peptide per 1 µg antibody.|
|Formulation||Lyophilized powder. Phosphate buffered saline (PBS) pH 7.4, 1% BSA , 0.025% NaN3.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Kir2.1 is a member of the family of inward rectifying K+ channels. The family includes 15 members that are structurally and functionally different from the voltage-dependent K+ channels.1 The family’s topology consists of two transmembrane domains that flank a single and highly conserved pore region with intracellular N- and C-termini. As is the case for the voltage-dependent K+ channels the functional unit for the Kir channels is composed of four subunit that can assembly as either homo or heterotetramers. Kir channels are characterized by a K+ efflux that is limited by depolarizing membrane potentials thus making them essential for controlling resting membrane potential and K+ homeostasis. Kir2.1 is a member of the Kir2.x subfamily that includes four members (Kir2.1- Kir2.4) that are characterized by strong inward rectification and high constitutive activity. Kir2.1 is expressed in a variety of tissues including heart, brain, vascular smooth muscle cells and skeletal muscles. In heart, Kir2.1 is a molecular component of the IK1 current that is responsible for setting the resting membrane potential, preventing membrane hyperpolarization due to Na+ pump activity, influencing propagation velocity, altering the electrical space constant, and promoting late phase repolarization.2 In fact, mutations in Kir2.1 channels have been linked to a form of long QT syndrome (LQT7) known as Andersen's syndrome that is characterized by cardiac arrhythmias, periodic paralysis, and dysmorphic features.3
References 1. Kubo, Y. et al. (1993) Nature 362, 127 2. Nichols, C.G. et al. (1996) Circ. Res. 78, 1. 3. Plaster, N.M. et al. (2001) Cell 105, 511.
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