|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||23315 Da|
|Homology||Human, mouse - identical.|
|Other Names||Synaptosomal-associated protein 25, SNAP-25, Super protein, SUP, Synaptosomal-associated 25 kDa protein, Snap25, Snap|
|Related products for control experiments||Control peptide antigen (supplied with the antibody free of charge).|
|Target/Specificity||GST fusion protein with the full-length rat SNAP-25 protein (Accession P60881). Cytoplasmic.|
|Peptide Confirmation||Confirmed by DNA sequence and SDS-PAGE.|
|Application Details||Western blot analysis (WB): - Zebrafish embryos (see Wei, C. et al. (2013) in Product Citations).|
|Format||Affinity purified antibody, lyophilized powder|
|Reconstitution||50 µl or 0.2 ml deionized water, depending on the sample size.|
|Antibody Concentration After Reconstitution||1 mg/ml.|
|Storage Before Reconstitution||Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.|
|Storage After Reconstitution||The reconstituted solution can be stored at 4ºC for up to 2 weeks. For longer periods, small aliquots should be stored at -20ºC or below. Avoid multiple freezing and thawing. The further dilutions should be made using a carrier protein such as BSA (1%). Centrifuge all antibody preparations before use (10000 × g 5 min).|
|Control Antigen Storage Before Reconstitution||Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.|
|Control Antigen Reconstitution||100 µl PBS.|
|Control Antigen Storage After Reconstitution||-20ºC.|
|Preadsorption Control||5 µg fusion protein per 1 µg antibody.|
|Formulation||Lyophilized powder. Reconstituted antibody contains phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.4, 1% BSA, 0.05% NaN3.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
SNAP-25 (or synaptosomal-associated protein of 25kD) is a member of the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) protein superfamily. The family includes 36 members in humans and is characterized by the SNARE motif, an evolutionarily conserved stretch of 60–70 amino acids that are arranged in heptad repeats1,2. SNARE proteins are involved in exocytosis and intracellular vesicle trafficking and are essential for cell growth, hormone secretion and neurotransmission, processes that require rapid, targeted, and regulated membrane fusion1,2. SNAREs can be roughly divided into vesicular (v-SNAREs) and target (t-SNAREs) based on their distribution on the transport vesicle or target membrane respectively. Thus, assembly of cognate v-/t-SNAREs between two opposing membranes generates trans-SNARE complexes, which bring the lipid bilayers in close proximity and drive membrane fusion. SNAP-25, unlike most SNAREs, lacks a membrane-spanning region, but is attached to the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane by posttranslational modifications such as palmitoylation or farnesylation1,2. SNAP-25 has been extensively studied for its role on neuronal and neuroendocrine cell exocytosis where it functions as one of the plasma membrane protein t-SNARE, which together with the vesicular v-SNARE protein VAMP and another t-SNARE such as Syntaxin 1, forms a trimeric, four-helical complex, which drives fusion of the two opposing bilayers1,2. SNAP-25 is the target of several botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) types: type A, C and E. The neurotoxins cause specific proteolytic degradation of the SNAP-25 protein, which in turn causes SNARE complex disruption and inhibition of neurotransmitter release3.
References 1. Jahn, R. and Scheller, R.H. (2006) Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 7, 631. 2. Südhof, T.C. and Rothman, J.E. (2009) Science 323, 474. 3. Schiavo, G. et al. (2000) Physiol. Rev.80, 717.
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