|Application ||WB, IHC|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||101867 Da|
|Homology||Rat, mouse, human ג€“ 12/13 amino acid residues identical.|
|Other Names||Metabotropic glutamate receptor 8, mGluR8, Grm8, Gprc1h, Mglur8|
|Related products for control experiments||Control peptide antigen (supplied with the antibody free of charge).|
|Target/Specificity||Peptide (C)ENFG(S)KLGSHGKR, corresponding to amino acid residues 365- 377 of rat mGluR8 (Accession P70579). Extracellular, N-terminus.|
|Peptide Confirmation||Confirmed by mass-spectrography and amino acid analysis.|
|Format||Affinity purified antibody, lyophilized powder|
|Reconstitution||50 µl or 0.2 ml deionized water, depending on the sample size.|
|Antibody Concentration After Reconstitution||0.8 mg/ml.|
|Storage Before Reconstitution||Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.|
|Storage After Reconstitution||The reconstituted solution can be stored at 4ºC for up to 2 weeks. For longer periods, small aliquots should be stored at -20ºC or below. Avoid multiple freezing and thawing. The further dilutions should be made using a carrier protein such as BSA (1%). Centrifuge all antibody preparations before use (10000 × g 5 min).|
|Control Antigen Storage Before Reconstitution||Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.|
|Control Antigen Reconstitution||100 µl DDW.|
|Control Antigen Storage After Reconstitution||-20ºC.|
|Preadsorption Control||1 µg peptide per 1 µg antibody.|
|Formulation||Lyophilized powder. Reconstituted antibody contains phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.4, 1% BSA, 0.05% NaN3.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), heptahelical transmembrane receptors coupled to G-proteins, contribute to the regulation of neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission1. Genes coding for eight mGluRs (denoted mGluR1-8) with different splice variants have been identified and classified into three groups based on sequence homology, pharmacology, and signaling pathways. Group I mGluRs (mGluR1 and mGluR5) are primarily located postsynaptically. Group II (mGluR2 and mGluR3) are present both postsynaptically and presynaptically outside the release site. Group III mGluRs (mGluR4, mGluR6, mGluR7, and mGluR8) couple to Gαi/o to inhibit adenylyl cyclase found in the presynaptic active zone2. The mGluR8 receptor is detected in the olfactory bulb, thalamus, pontine gray, cerebral cortex, hippocampus, cerebellum, and retina3. Electrophysiological studies suggest that mGluR8 functions as a presynaptic autoreceptor to regulate glutamate release from the lateral perforant path terminals in the mouse dentate gyrus4. It is suggested that mGluR8, like other group III mGluRs, controls glutamate release by inhibiting voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. Targeted deletion of the mGluR8 gene in mice produces subtle behavioral alterations such as reduced habituation to novelty, hyperactivity, context-dependent but not cue-dependent disruption of the freezing response in the fear conditioning test, and increased anxiety5.
1. Conn, P.J. et al. (1997) Annu. Rev. Pharmacol. Toxicol. 37, 205.
2. Somogyi, J. et al. (2004) Eur. J. Neurosci. 19, 552.
3. Saugstad, J.A. et al. (1997) Mol. Pharmacol. 51, 119.
4. Zhai, J. et al. (2002) Neuropharmacology 43, 223.
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