|Application ||WB, FC, IP, ICC, LCI|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||133236 Da|
|Homology||Mouse, human, dog - identical.|
|Other Names||Metabotropic glutamate receptor 1, mGluR1, Grm1, Gprc1a, Mglur1|
|Related products for control experiments||Control peptide antigen (supplied with the antibody free of charge).|
|Target/Specificity||Peptide (C)HEGVLNIDDYKIQMNK, corresponding to amino acids 501-516 of rat mGluR1 (Accession P23385). Extracellular, N-terminus.|
|Peptide Confirmation||Confirmed by mass-spectrography and amino acid analysis.|
|Format||Affinity purified antibody, lyophilized powder|
|Reconstitution||50 µl or 0.2 ml deionized water, depending on the sample size.|
|Antibody Concentration After Reconstitution||0.8 mg/ml.|
|Buffer After Reconstitution||Phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.4, 1% BSA, 0.025% NaN3.|
|Storage Before Reconstitution||Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.|
|Storage After Reconstitution||The reconstituted solution can be stored at 4ºC for up to 2 weeks. For longer periods, small aliquots should be stored at -20ºC or below. Avoid multiple freezing and thawing. The further dilutions should be made using a carrier protein such as BSA (1%). Centrifuge all antibody preparations before use (10000 × g 5 min).|
|Control Antigen Storage Before Reconstitution||Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.|
|Control Antigen Reconstitution||100 µl water.|
|Control Antigen Storage After Reconstitution||-20ºC.|
|Preadsorption Control||1 µg peptide per 1 µg antibody.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
L-Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. It operates through several receptors that are categorized as ionotropic (ligand-gated cation channels) or metabotropic (G-protein coupled receptors). The metabotropic glutamate receptors family includes eight members (mGluR1-8) that have been divided into three groups based on their sequence homology, pharmacology and signal transduction. Group I of the metabotropic glutamate receptors includes the mGluR1 and mGluR5 receptors. The receptors present the typical G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) signature topology: seven transmembrane domains with a large extracellular N-terminus domain and an intracellular C-terminus one. The N-terminus domain of Group I receptors contains the glutamate binding site while the cytoplasmic C-terminus domain has an important role in the regulation of receptor activity through interactions with other proteins such as the Homer adaptor proteins. mGluR1 and mGluR5 receptors signal through Gq/G11 that activates phospholipase C and ultimately produces an increase in inositol trisphosphate and cytosolic Ca2+. More downstream signaling pathways include activation of PKC and modulation of Ca2+ and K+ ion channels. Activation of signaling pathways independent of G-proteins has also been reported. mGluR1 is predominantly expressed in nervous tissue although expression in several non-neural cell types has also been described. In the brain it is highly expressed in the hippocampus, cerebellum, olfactory bulb and thalamus. The mGluR1 receptor is involved in several physiological processes such as neuronal development, induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD) as well as in pathological disorders such as brain trauma, chronic pain, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease. Abgent is please to offer a highly specific antibody directed against the extracellular N-terminus domain of rat mGluR1. Anti-mGluR1 (extracellular) antibody (#AG1263) can be used in Western blot analysis and immunocytochemistry applications, and recognizes rat mGluR1 in rat, mouse and human samples.
1. Kew, J.N.C. and Kemp, J.A. (2005) Psychopharmacol. (Berl.) 179, 4.
2. Ferraguti, F. and Shigemoto, R. (2006) Cell Tissue Res. 326, 428.
3. Dhami, G.P. and Ferguson, S.S.G. (2006) Pharmacol. Ther. 111, 260.
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