|Application ||WB, IHC|
|Calculated MW||49516 Da|
|Homology||Mouse - identical; human - 12/15 amino acid residues identical.|
|Other Names||D(3) dopamine receptor, Dopamine D3 receptor, Drd3|
|Related products for control experiments||Control peptide antigen (supplied with the antibody free of charge).|
|Target/Specificity||Peptide CGAENSTGVNRARPH, corresponding to amino acid residues 15-29 of rat D3 Dopamine receptor (Accession P19020). Extracellular, N-terminus.|
|Peptide Confirmation||Confirmed by amino acid analysis.|
|Format||Affinity purified antibody, lyophilized powder|
|Reconstitution||Add 50 µl or 0.2 ml deionized water, depending on the sample size.|
|Antibody Concentration After Reconstitution||0.8 mg/ml.|
|Buffer After Reconstitution||Phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.4, 1% BSA, 0.025% NaN3.|
|Storage Before Reconstitution||Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.|
|Storage After Reconstitution||The reconstituted solution can be stored at 4ºC for up to 2 weeks. For longer periods, small aliquots should be stored at -20ºC or below. Avoid multiple freezing and thawing. The further dilutions should be made using a carrier protein such as BSA (1%). Centrifuge all antibody preparations before use (10000 × g 5 min).|
|Control Antigen Storage Before Reconstitution||Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.|
|Control Antigen Reconstitution||100 µl water.|
|Control Antigen Storage After Reconstitution||-20ºC.|
|Preadsorption Control||1 µg peptide per 1 µg antibody.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The D3 Dopamine Receptor (D3 receptor) is one of five receptors that mediate the effects of the catecholamine neurotransmitter dopamine. Dopamine regulates a variety of functions including locomotor activity, emotion, positive reinforcement, food intake, and endocrine regulation. The dopaminergic system has been extensively studied in the last thirty years mainly because its dysregulation has been linked to several neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases including Parkinson’s disease and schizophrenia.1 All five dopamine receptors belong to the 7-transmembrane domain, G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily. Historically, the five receptors have been divided into two subfamilies based on pharmacological and structural considerations: the D1-like subfamily (that includes the D1 and D5 subtypes) and the D2-like subfamily (that includes the D2-, D3- and D4 subtypes).1 The D1-like receptors are coupled to Gs-type G proteins and enhance adenylate cyclase activity while the D2-like receptors are coupled to Gi-type G proteins and inhibit adenylate cyclase activity.1 The D3 receptor distribution in the brain is relatively restricted to limbic areas such as striatum, islands of Calleja and olfactory tubercle. In the periphery, it is expressed in the kidney particularly in proximal tubules.1 The exact physiological function of the D3 receptor remains to be fully elucidated. In studies using D3 receptor knockout mice, the most prominent dysfunction was the development of rennin-dependent hypertension. Potential roles in reinforcement and reward behaviors have also been suggested as well as roles in neuropsychiatric disorders such as drug abuse and schizophrenia.2 Abgent is pleased to offer a highly specific antibody directed against an epitope located at the extracellular N-terminus domain of the rat D3 dopamine receptor. Anti-D3 Dopamine Receptor (extracellular) antibody (#AG1289) can be used in western blot analysis and immunohistochemical applications, and recognizes D3 dopamine receptor from rat and mouse samples
1. Missale, C. et al. (1998) Physiol. Rev. 78, 189.
2. Holmes, A. et al. (2004) Neuropharmacol. 47, 1117.
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