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Bestrophin-2 (extracellular) Antibody

Affinity purified polyclonal antibody

  • WB - Bestrophin-2 (extracellular) Antibody AG1370-050
    Western blot analysis of rat colon membranes:
    1. Anti-Bestrophin-2 (extracellular) antibody (#AG1370), (1:200).
    2. Anti-Bestrophin-2 (extracellular) antibody, preincubated with the control peptide antigen.
  • WB - Bestrophin-2 (extracellular) Antibody AG1370-050
    Western blot analysis of human colon cancer cell lines Colo-205 (lanes 1 and 4), T-84 (lanes 2 and 5) and HT-29 (lanes 3 and 6):
    1-3. Anti-Bestrophin-2 (extracellular) antibody (#AG1370), (1:200).
    4-6. Anti-Bestrophin-2 (extracellular) antibody, preincubated with the control peptide antigen.
  • IHC - Bestrophin-2 (extracellular) Antibody AG1370-050
    Expression of Bestrophin-2 in rat colon Immunohistochemical staining of rat colon paraffin embedded sections using Anti-Bestrophin-2 (extracellular) antibody (#AG1370), (1:100), (brown). Bestrophin-2 is expressed in the columnar absorptive cells of the colonic epithelium (arrows). Hematoxilin is used as the counterstain.
Product Information
  • Applications Legend:
  • WB=Western Blot
  • IHC=Immunohistochemistry
  • IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin-embedded Sections)
  • IHC-F=Immunohistochemistry (Frozen Sections)
  • IF=Immunofluorescence
  • FC=Flow Cytopmetry
  • IC=Immunochemistry
  • ICC=Immunocytochemistry
  • IP=Immunoprecipitation
  • DB=Dot Blot
  • CHIP=Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • FA=Fluorescence Assay
  • IEM=Immunoelectronmicroscopy
  • EIA=Enzyme Immunoassay
Primary Accession Q8BGM5
Reactivity Human, Rat
Host Rabbit
Clonality Polyclonal
Calculated MW 57023 Da
Homology Rat - identical; human - 11/12 amino acid residues identical.
Additional Information
Gene ID 212989
Other Names Bestrophin-2, Vitelliform macular dystrophy 2-like protein 1, Best2, Vmd2l1
Related products for control experimentsControl peptide antigen (supplied with the antibody free of charge).
Target/Specificity Peptide (C)DPAQGYKDHTLD, corresponding to amino acid residues 259-270 of mouse Bestrophin-2 (Accession Q8BGM5). 3rd extracellular loop.
Dilution WB~~1:200-1:2000
Peptide Confirmation Confirmed by amino acid analysis.
Format Affinity purified antibody, lyophilized powder
Reconstitution 50 µl or 0.2 ml deionized water, depending on the sample size.
Antibody Concentration After Reconstitution 0.8 mg/ml.
Buffer After Reconstitution Phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.4, 1% BSA, 0.025% NaN3.
Storage Before ReconstitutionLyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.
Storage After ReconstitutionThe reconstituted solution can be stored at 4ºC for up to 2 weeks. For longer periods, small aliquots should be stored at -20ºC or below. Avoid multiple freezing and thawing. The further dilutions should be made using a carrier protein such as BSA (1%). Centrifuge all antibody preparations before use (10000 × g 5 min).
Control Antigen Storage Before ReconstitutionLyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.
Control Antigen Reconstitution 100 µl water.
Control Antigen Storage After Reconstitution-20ºC.
Preadsorption Control 1 µg peptide per 1 µg antibody.
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Mammalian Cl- channels can be broadly classified into four different families: voltage-dependent Cl- channels (CLCs), the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), ligand-gated Cl- channels (γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)) and glycine channels) and Ca2+-activated Cl- channels (Bestrophin and Anoctamin channels).   Bestrophins were first found by genetic linkage of human-Bestrophin-1 (hBest1) to a juvenile form of macular degeneration called Best vitelliform macular dystrophy1,2. To date Bestrophin 1-4 have been identified, although Bestrophin-3 and Bestrophin-4 have been observed only at the RNA level3. In addition, splice variants of some of these Ca2+-activated Cl- channels (CaCCs) have also been detected2,4,5. CaCCs are known to be involved in the regulation of olfaction, taste, phototransduction, and excitability in the nervous system. However, the molecular identity and functional role of CaCC in the brain have not been well established6. Bestrophin-2 is prominently expressed in colon and testes. Recently, Bestrophin-2 has also been found to be expressed in olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs)7.   Two different topologies for Bestrophin-1 have been proposed. The first structure proposes that six hydrophobic domains span the membrane8, while the second suggests that there are only four membrane-spanning domains9. The same structural controversy applies to Bestrophin-2. Bestrophin-1 and Bestrophin-2 (as well as Bestrophin-4 by heterologous expression) are activated by intracellular Ca2+ 10-12. Ca2+-dependent activation of Bestrophin-2 was also demonstrated in  Xenopus13.   Abgent is pleased to offer a highly specific antibody directed against an epitope located at the 3rd extracellular loop of mouse Bestrophin-2. Anti-Bestrophin-2 (extracellular) antibody (#AG1370) can be used in western blot and immunohistochemical applications, and has been designed to recognize Bestrophin-2 channel from mouse, rat and human samples.


References 1. Men, G. et al. (2004) Am. J. Ophtalmol. 137, 963. 2. Petrukhin, K. et al. (1998) Nat. Genet. 19, 241. 3. Hartzell, C.H. et al. (2008) Physiol. Rev. 88, 639. 4. Kramer, F. et al. (2004) Cytogen. Genome Res. 105, 107. 5. Stohr, H et al. (2002) Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 10, 281. 6. Park, H. et al. (2009) J. Neurosci. 29, 13063. 7. Pifferi, S. et al. (2006) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103, 12929. 8. Tsunenari, T. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278, 41114. 9. Milenkovic, V.M. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282, 1313. 10. Xia, Q. et al. (2008) J. Gen. Physiol. 132, 681. 11. Chien, L.T. et al. (2006) J. Gen. Physiol. 128, 247. 12. Tsunenari, T. et al. (2006) J. Gen. Physiol. 127, 749. 13. Qu, Z. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278, 49563.

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$ 367.00
$ 475.00
Cat# AG1370-050
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