|Application ||WB, IHC, IF, FC, IP|
|Reactivity||Human, Rat, Rabbit|
|Other Names||Podocalyxin, GCTM-2 antigen, Gp200, Podocalyxin-like protein 1, PC, PCLP-1, PODXL, PCLP, PCLP1|
|Target/Specificity||A recombinant protein fragment containing the intracellular, transmembrane, and part of the extracellular domain of human podocalyxin|
|Application Note||Flow Cytometry : 5-10ul/million cells|
Immunofluorescence : 1:25-1:50
Western Blotting :1:100-1:200
Immunohistology (Frozen & Formalin-fixed) (1:50-1:100 for 30 min at RT)
(Clone 3D3 is better)
(Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires boiling tissue sections in 10mM Citrate Buffer, pH 6.0, for 10-20 min followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes).
|Format||0.5 ml of Bioreactor Concentrate with azide|
|Storage||Store at 2 to 8°C.Antibody is stable for 24 months.|
|Precautions||PODXL Antibody [Clone 2A4] is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Involved in the regulation of both adhesion and cell morphology and cancer progression. Function as an anti-adhesive molecule that maintains an open filtration pathway between neighboring foot processes in the podocyte by charge repulsion. Acts as a pro-adhesive molecule, enhancing the adherence of cells to immobilized ligands, increasing the rate of migration and cell- cell contacts in an integrin-dependent manner. Induces the formation of apical actin-dependent microvilli. Involved in the formation of a preapical plasma membrane subdomain to set up inital epithelial polarization and the apical lumen formation during renal tubulogenesis. Plays a role in cancer development and aggressiveness by inducing cell migration and invasion through its interaction with the actin-binding protein EZR. Affects EZR- dependent signaling events, leading to increased activities of the MAPK and PI3K pathways in cancer cells.|
|Cellular Location||Apical cell membrane. Cell projection, lamellipodium. Cell projection, filopodium. Cell projection, ruffle. Cell projection, microvillus. Membrane raft. Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=In single attached epithelial cells is restricted to a preapical pole on the free plasma membrane whereas other apical and basolateral proteins are not yet polarized Colocalizes with SLC9A3R2 at the apical plasma membrane during epithelial polarization. Colocalizes with SLC9A3R1 at the trans- Golgi network (transiently) and at the apical plasma membrane. Its association with the membrane raft is transient. Colocalizes with actin filaments, EZR and SLC9A3R1 in a punctate pattern at the apical cell surface where microvilli form. Colocalizes with EZR and SLC9A3R2 at the apical cell membrane of glomerular epithelium cells (By similarity). Forms granular, punctuated pattern, forming patches, preferentially adopting a polar distribution, located on the migrating poles of the cell or forming clusters along the terminal ends of filipodia establishing contact with the endothelial cells. Colocalizes with the submembrane actin of lamellipodia, particularly associated with ruffles. Colocalizes with vinculin at protrusions of cells. Colocalizes with ITGB1 Colocalizes with PARD3, PRKCI, EXOC5, OCLN, RAB11A and RAB8A in apical membrane initiation sites (AMIS) during the generation of apical surface and luminogenesis (By similarity).|
|Tissue Location||Glomerular epithelium cell (podocyte).|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Podocalyxin is a member of the CD34 transmembrane sialomucin family. It is over-expressed on the podocyte foot projections and plays essential roles in kidney development and homeostasis, blood filtration and urine formation. It is also expressed on vascular endothelia, hematopoietic progenitors and a subset of neurons. Overexpression of podocalyxin may be linked to more aggressive tumor behavior. Podocalyxin antibody can identify podocytes in the urine (podocyturia) that may indicate glomerular disease, pre-eclampsia, and other kidney pathology.
1. Kershaw DB et. al. J Biol Chem 272:15708-15714 (1997).
2. Sassetti C et. al. J Exp Med 187:1965-1975.
3. Nielsen JS et. al. J Am Soc Nephrol 20:1669-1676 (2009).
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