CD13 / Aminopeptidase-N (Myeloid Cell Marker) Antibody - Without BSA and Azide
Mouse Monoclonal Antibody [Clone B-F10 ]
|Application ||IHC-F, IF, FC|
|Other Accession||290, 1239|
|Isotype||Mouse / IgG1, kappa|
|Other Names||Aminopeptidase N, AP-N, hAPN, 22.214.171.124, Alanyl aminopeptidase, Aminopeptidase M, AP-M, Microsomal aminopeptidase, Myeloid plasma membrane glycoprotein CD13, gp150, CD13, ANPEP, APN, CD13, PEPN|
|Storage||Store at 2 to 8°C.Antibody is stable for 24 months.|
|Precautions||CD13 / Aminopeptidase-N (Myeloid Cell Marker) Antibody - Without BSA and Azide is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||APN, CD13, PEPN|
|Function||Broad specificity aminopeptidase. Plays a role in the final digestion of peptides generated from hydrolysis of proteins by gastric and pancreatic proteases. May play a critical role in the pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstone disease. May be involved in the metabolism of regulatory peptides of diverse cell types, responsible for the processing of peptide hormones, such as angiotensin III and IV, neuropeptides, and chemokines. Found to cleave antigen peptides bound to major histocompatibility complex class II molecules of presenting cells and to degrade neurotransmitters at synaptic junctions. Is also implicated as a regulator of IL-8 bioavailability in the endometrium, and therefore may contribute to the regulation of angiogenesis. Is used as a marker for acute myeloid leukemia and plays a role in tumor invasion. In case of human coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E) infection, serves as receptor for HCoV-229E spike glycoprotein. Mediates as well human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Cytoplasm, cytosol. Note=A soluble form has also been detected|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in epithelial cells of the kidney, intestine, and respiratory tract; granulocytes, monocytes, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, cerebral pericytes at the blood- brain barrier, synaptic membranes of cells in the CNS. Also expressed in endometrial stromal cells, but not in the endometrial glandular cells. Found in the vasculature of tissues that undergo angiogenesis and in malignant gliomas and lymph node metastases from multiple tumor types but not in blood vessels of normal tissues. A soluble form has been found in plasma. It is found to be elevated in plasma and effusions of cancer patients|
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Recognizes an integral membrane glycoprotein of 150kDa, identified as CD13 (also known as aminopeptidase-N). The CD13 antigen is present on most cells of myeloid origin including granulocytes, monocytes, mast cells, and GM-progenitor cells. It is also expressed by the majority of AML, CML in myeloid blast crisis, and in a smaller fraction of lymphoid leukemias. CD13 is absent from normal lymphocytes, platelets and erythrocytes. CD13 is also present on fibroblasts; endothelial cells, epithelial cells from renal proximal tubules and intestinal brush border, bone marrow stromal cells, osteoclasts, and cells lining bile duct canaliculi. CD13 is identical to aminopeptidase N (APN), a prominent membrane-bound metalloprotease present on the surface of intestinal brush border and renal tubules. CD13 plays a role in metabolism of biologically active peptides, in phagocytosis, and in bactericidal/tumoricidal activities. It also serves as a receptor for human coronaviruses (HCV). The lineage-restricted pattern of expression of CD13 within the hemopoietic compartment suggests that it may be important in myeloid cell differentiation.
Koch AE, et. al. Pathobiology, 1990, 58:241-8. | Koch AE, et. al. American Journal of Pathology, 1991, 138(1):165-73. | Leucocyte Typing V, Schlossman SF, et. al. (eds.), Oxford University Press, Oxford, p771 1995
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