gp100 / Melanosome / PMEL17 / SILV (Melanoma Marker) Antibody
Mouse Monoclonal Antibody [Clone HMB45 ]
|Application ||IHC, IF, FC|
|Other Accession||6490, 95972|
|Isotype||Mouse / IgG1, kappa|
|Other Names||Melanocyte protein PMEL, ME20-M, ME20M, Melanocyte protein Pmel 17, Melanocytes lineage-specific antigen GP100, Melanoma-associated ME20 antigen, P1, P100, Premelanosome protein, Silver locus protein homolog, M-alpha, 95 kDa melanocyte-specific secreted glycoprotein, P26, Secreted melanoma-associated ME20 antigen, ME20-S, ME20S, M-beta, PMEL, D12S53E, PMEL17, SILV|
|Storage||Store at 2 to 8°C.Antibody is stable for 24 months.|
|Precautions||gp100 / Melanosome / PMEL17 / SILV (Melanoma Marker) Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||D12S53E, PMEL17, SILV|
|Function||Plays a central role in the biogenesis of melanosomes. Involved in the maturation of melanosomes from stage I to II. The transition from stage I melanosomes to stage II melanosomes involves an elongation of the vesicle, and the appearance within of distinct fibrillar structures. Release of the soluble form, ME20-S, could protect tumor cells from antibody mediated immunity.|
|Cellular Location||Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Golgi apparatus. Melanosome. Endosome, multivesicular body. Note=Identified by mass spectrometry in melanosome fractions from stage I to stage IV. Localizes predominantly to intralumenal vesicles (ILVs) within multivesicular bodies. Associates with ILVs found within the lumen of premelanosomes and melanosomes and particularly in compartments that serve as precursors to the striated stage II premelanosomes|
|Tissue Location||Preferentially expressed in melanomas. Some expression was found in dysplastic nevi. Not found in normal tissues nor in carcinomas. Normally expressed at low levels in quiescent adult melanocytes but overexpressed by proliferating neonatal melanocytes and during tumor growth|
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By immunohistochemistry, it specifically recognizes a protein in melanocytes and melanomas. This MAb reacts with junctional and blue nevus cells and variably with fetal and neonatal melanocytes. Intradermal nevi, normal adult melanocytes, and non-melanocytic cells are negative. It does not stain tumor cells of epithelial, lymphoid, glial, or mesenchymal origin. Metastatic amelanotic melanoma can often be confused with a variety of poorly differentiated carcinomas, large cell lymphomas, and sarcomas using H & E stains alone. It is also difficult to differentiate melanoma from spindle cell carcinomas and various types of mesenchymal neoplasms. Anti-HMB-45 stains fetal and neonatal melanocytes, junctional and blue nevus cells, and malignant melanoma. This MAb also stains Angiomyolipoma (PEComa).
Esclamado RM, et. al. American Journal of Surgery, 1986, 152(4):376-85. | Gown AM, et. al. American Journal of Pathology, 1986, 123(2):195-203
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