gp100 / Melanosome / PMEL17 / SILV (Melanoma Marker) Antibody
Mouse Monoclonal Antibody [Clone PMEL/783 ]
|Application ||IHC, IF, FC|
|Other Accession||6490, 95972|
|Isotype||Mouse / IgG1, kappa|
|Other Names||Melanocyte protein PMEL, ME20-M, ME20M, Melanocyte protein Pmel 17, Melanocytes lineage-specific antigen GP100, Melanoma-associated ME20 antigen, P1, P100, Premelanosome protein, Silver locus protein homolog, M-alpha, 95 kDa melanocyte-specific secreted glycoprotein, P26, Secreted melanoma-associated ME20 antigen, ME20-S, ME20S, M-beta, PMEL, D12S53E, PMEL17, SILV|
|Storage||Store at 2 to 8°C.Antibody is stable for 24 months.|
|Precautions||gp100 / Melanosome / PMEL17 / SILV (Melanoma Marker) Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||D12S53E, PMEL17, SILV|
|Function||Plays a central role in the biogenesis of melanosomes. Involved in the maturation of melanosomes from stage I to II. The transition from stage I melanosomes to stage II melanosomes involves an elongation of the vesicle, and the appearance within of distinct fibrillar structures. Release of the soluble form, ME20-S, could protect tumor cells from antibody mediated immunity.|
|Cellular Location||Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Golgi apparatus. Melanosome. Endosome, multivesicular body. Note=Identified by mass spectrometry in melanosome fractions from stage I to stage IV. Localizes predominantly to intralumenal vesicles (ILVs) within multivesicular bodies. Associates with ILVs found within the lumen of premelanosomes and melanosomes and particularly in compartments that serve as precursors to the striated stage II premelanosomes|
|Tissue Location||Preferentially expressed in melanomas. Some expression was found in dysplastic nevi. Not found in normal tissues nor in carcinomas. Normally expressed at low levels in quiescent adult melanocytes but overexpressed by proliferating neonatal melanocytes and during tumor growth|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLā€™s) recognize melanoma-associated antigens, which belong to three main groups. These groups include tumor-associated testis-specific antigens, melanocyte differentiation antigens and mutated or aberrantly expressed antigens, which are routinely used as markers to identify melanomas based on their binding to specific monoclonal antibodies. gp100, also designated ME20-M, ME20-S and PMEL 17, is classified as a melanocyte differentiation antigen and is expressed at low levels in normal cell lines and tissues, but is upregulated in melanocytes. gp100 is a highly glycosylated protein. It is also the product of proteolytic cleavage, which results in a secreted protein.Ā
Adema, G.J., et al. 1994. Molecular characterization of the melanocyte lineage-specific antigen gp100. J. Biol. Chem. 269: 20126-20133
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