Anti-Glypican-3 (GPC3) (Hepatocellular Carcinoma Marker) Antibody
Recombinant Mouse Monoclonal Antibody
|Application ||IHC-P, IF, FC|
|Isotype||Mouse / IgG1, kappa|
|Calculated MW||65563 Da|
|Other Names||DGSX; Glypican proteoglycan 3; GPC3; GTR2-2; Heparan sulphate proteoglycan; Intestinal protein OCI-5; MXR7; OCI-5; SDYS; Secreted glypican-3; SGBS1|
|Application Note||Flow Cytometry (0.5-1ug/million cells); Immunofluorescence (0.5-1ug/ml); ,Immunohistology (Formalin-fixed) (0.5-1ug/ml for 30 minutes at RT),(Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires boiling tissue sections in 1mM EDTA buffer, pH 7.5-8.5, for 10-20 min followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes),Optimal dilution for a specific application should be determined.|
|Format||200ug/ml of recombinant MAb purified by Protein A/G. Prepared in 1mM PBS with 0.05% BSA & 0.05% azide. Also available WITHOUT BSA & azide at 1.0mg/ml.|
|Storage||Store at 2 to 8°C.Antibody is stable for 24 months.|
|Precautions||Anti-Glypican-3 (GPC3) (Hepatocellular Carcinoma Marker) Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Cell surface proteoglycan that bears heparan sulfate. Inhibits the dipeptidyl peptidase activity of DPP4. May be involved in the suppression/modulation of growth in the predominantly mesodermal tissues and organs. May play a role in the modulation of IGF2 interactions with its receptor and thereby modulate its function. May regulate growth and tumor predisposition.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor, GPI-anchor; Extracellular side|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in lung, liver and kidney.|
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Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a glycosylphospatidyl inositol-anchored membrane protein, which may also be found in a secreted form. Anti-GPC3 has been identified as a useful tumor marker for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), hepatoblastoma, melanoma, testicular germ cell tumors, and Wilm s tumor. In patients with HCC, GPC3 is overexpressed in neoplastic liver tissue and elevated in serum, but is undetectable in normal liver, benign liver, and the serum of healthy donors. GPC3 expression is also found to be higher in HCC liver tissue than in cirrhotic liver or liver with focal lesions such as dysplastic nodules and areas of hepatic adenoma (HA) with malignant transformation. In the context of testicular germ cell tumors, GPC3 expression is up regulated in certain histologic subtypes, specifically yolk sac tumors and choriocarcinoma. A high level of GPC3 expression is also found in some types of embryonal tumors, such as Wilm s tumor and hepatoblastoma, with a low or undetectable expression in normal adjacent tissue. In patients with thyroid cancer, expression of GPC3 is dramatically enhanced in certain types of cancers: 100% in follicular carcinoma and 70% in papillary carcinoma. Expression of GPC3 in follicular carcinoma is significantly higher than that of follicular adenoma. In contrast, GPC3 is not expressed in anaplastic carcinoma.
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