|Other Accession||NM_178836, NP_849158|
|Other Names||Mitochondrial cardiolipin hydrolase, 3.1.-.-, Choline phosphatase 6, Mitochondrial phospholipase, MitoPLD, Phosphatidylcholine-hydrolyzing phospholipase D6, Phospholipase D6, PLD 6, Protein zucchini homolog, PLD6|
|Format||Liquid. Purified antibody supplied in 1x PBS buffer with 0.09% (w/v) sodium azide and 2% sucrose.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||Add 50 ul of distilled water. Final anti-PLD6 antibody concentration is 1 mg/ml in PBS buffer with 2% sucrose. For longer periods of storage, store at 20°C. Avoid repeat freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||PLD6 Antibody - C-terminal region is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Endonuclease that plays a critical role in PIWI- interacting RNA (piRNA) biogenesis during spermatogenesis. piRNAs provide essential protection against the activity of mobile genetic elements (By similarity). piRNA-mediated transposon silencing is thus critical for maintaining genome stability, in particular in germline cells when transposons are mobilized as a consequence of wide-spread genomic demethylation (By similarity). Has been proposed to act as a cardiolipin hydrolase to generate phosphatidic acid at mitochondrial surface (By similarity). Although it cannot be excluded that it can act as a phospholipase in some circumstances, it should be noted that cardiolipin hydrolase activity is either undetectable in vitro, or very low (PubMed:21397848). In addition, cardiolipin is almost exclusively found on the inner mitochondrial membrane, while PLD6 localizes to the outer mitochondrial membrane, facing the cytosol (PubMed:21397848). Has been shown to be a backbone-non-specific, single strand-specific nuclease, cleaving either RNA or DNA substrates with similar affinity. Produces 5' phosphate and 3' hydroxyl termini, suggesting it could directly participate in the processing of primary piRNA transcripts (By similarity). Also acts as a regulator of mitochondrial shape through facilitating mitochondrial fusion (PubMed:17028579, PubMed:26711011).|
|Cellular Location||Mitochondrion outer membrane; Single-pass membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed. Expression is not limited to testis and ovary.|
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Ota T.,et al.Nat. Genet. 36:40-45(2004).
Zody M.C.,et al.Nature 440:1045-1049(2006).
Choi S.Y.,et al.Nat. Cell Biol. 8:1255-1262(2006).
Watanabe T.,et al.Dev. Cell 20:364-375(2011).
Huang H.,et al.Dev. Cell 20:376-387(2011).
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