|Calculated MW||35591 Da|
|Other Names||Aurora kinase C, Aurora 3, Aurora/IPL1-related kinase 3, ARK-3, Aurora-related kinase 3, Aurora/IPL1/Eg2 protein 2, Serine/threonine-protein kinase 13, Serine/threonine-protein kinase aurora-C, AURKC, AIE2, AIK3, AIRK3, ARK3, STK13|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the N-terminus of human Aurora C was used as an immunogen.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Aurora-C Antibody (N-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||AIE2, AIK3, AIRK3, ARK3, STK13|
|Function||Serine/threonine-protein kinase component of the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC), a complex that acts as a key regulator of mitosis. The CPC complex has essential functions at the centromere in ensuring correct chromosome alignment and segregation and is required for chromatin-induced microtubule stabilization and spindle assembly. Plays also a role in meiosis and more particularly in spermatogenesis. Has redundant cellular functions with AURKB and can rescue an AURKB knockdown. Like AURKB, AURKC phosphorylates histone H3 at 'Ser-10' and 'Ser-28'. AURKC phosphorylates the CPC complex subunits BIRC5/survivin and INCENP leading to increased AURKC activity. Phosphorylates TACC1, another protein involved in cell division, at 'Ser-228'.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Chromosome. Chromosome, centromere. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle. Note=Distributes in the condensed chromosomes during prophase to metaphase. After entering anaphase, there is a dissociation from separated chromosomes and a redistribution to midzone microtubules, and finally remains in the midbody during cytokinesis.|
|Tissue Location||Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are expressed in testis. Elevated expression levels were seen only in a subset of cancer cell lines such as Hep-G2, Huh-7 and HeLa. Expression is maximum at M phase.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Aurora-C is a member of a novel family of serine/threonine kinases that have been identified as key regulators of the mitotic cell division process (1). Studies show that human Aurora-C is a chromosomal passenger protein that forms complexes with Aurora-B and inner centromere protein (INCENP), which are known passenger proteins. INCENP binds and activates Aurora-C in vivo and in vitro. Aurora-C co-expressed with INCENP elicits the phosphorylation of endogenous histone H3 in mammalian cells, even though this phosphorylation is not sufficient to establish chromosome condensation in interphase cells (2). Over-expression of an inactive mutant of Aurora C impaired the localization of Aurora C to the spindle midzone resulting in multinucleation which demonstrates that Aurora C is required for cytokinesis (3).
1. Katayama H, et al. Cancer Metastasis Rev. 22(4): 451-64, 2003
2. Li X, et al. J Biol Chem 279(45): 47201-11, 2004
3. Yan X, et al. Genes Cells 10(6): 617-26, 2005
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