|Application ||WB, IHC, IF|
|Calculated MW||18291 Da|
|Other Names||Caveolin-2, CAV2|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Tyrosine 19 in human Caveolin 2 was used as an immunogen.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Caveolin-2 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||May act as a scaffolding protein within caveolar membranes. Interacts directly with G-protein alpha subunits and can functionally regulate their activity. Acts as an accessory protein in conjunction with CAV1 in targeting to lipid rafts and driving caveolae formation. The Ser-36 phosphorylated form has a role in modulating mitosis in endothelial cells. Positive regulator of cellular mitogenesis of the MAPK signaling pathway. Required for the insulin-stimulated nuclear translocation and activation of MAPK1 and STAT3, and the subsequent regulation of cell cycle progression (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Golgi apparatus membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Membrane, caveola; Peripheral membrane protein Note=Potential hairpin-like structure in the membrane. Membrane protein of caveolae. Tyr-19-phosphorylated form is enriched at sites of cell-cell contact and is translocated to the nucleus in complex with MAPK1 in response to insulin (By similarity). Tyr-27- phosphorylated form is located both in the cytoplasm and plasma membrane. CAV1-mediated Ser-23-phosphorylated form locates to the plasma membrane. Ser-36-phosphorylated form resides in intracellular compartments.|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, skeletal myoblasts and fibroblasts|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Caveolins are a family of caveolae-associated integral membrane proteins. Caveolae are cholesterol/sphingolipid-rich microdomains of the plasma membrane that have been implicated in signal transduction and vesicular trafficking (1). Caveolin is a principal component of caveolae membranes. It interacts directly with heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins) and can functionally regulate their activity. Caveolins 1 and 2 are similar in most respects; however, they differ in their functional interactions with heterotrimeric G proteins, possibly explaining why Caveolin-1 and -2 are coexpressed within a single cell (2). Caveolin-2 is up-regulated in response to the mechanical injury of differentiated PC12 cells, which is strictly dependent on continued treatment with NGF. Both Caveolin-1 and -2 are more abundantly expressed in white adipose tissue and are induced during adipocyte differentiation. Robust expression of Caveolin-1 and -2 is also observed along the entire cell surface of DRG neurons, including high levels on growth cones (1).
1. Galbiati F, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 95(17):10257-62,1998
2. Scherer PE, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci 93(1): 131-5, 1996
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