|Calculated MW||68520 Da|
|Other Names||Proto-oncogene c-Rel, REL|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues in human c-Rel was used as an immunogen.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||c-Rel Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Proto-oncogene that may play a role in differentiation and lymphopoiesis. NF-kappa-B is a pleiotropic transcription factor which is present in almost all cell types and is involved in many biological processed such as inflammation, immunity, differentiation, cell growth, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. NF- kappa-B is a homo- or heterodimeric complex formed by the Rel-like domain-containing proteins RELA/p65, RELB, NFKB1/p105, NFKB1/p50, REL and NFKB2/p52. The dimers bind at kappa-B sites in the DNA of their target genes and the individual dimers have distinct preferences for different kappa-B sites that they can bind with distinguishable affinity and specificity. Different dimer combinations act as transcriptional activators or repressors, respectively. NF-kappa-B is controlled by various mechanisms of post-translational modification and subcellular compartmentalization as well as by interactions with other cofactors or corepressors. NF-kappa-B complexes are held in the cytoplasm in an inactive state complexed with members of the NF- kappa-B inhibitor (I-kappa-B) family. In a conventional activation pathway, I-kappa-B is phosphorylated by I-kappa-B kinases (IKKs) in response to different activators, subsequently degraded thus liberating the active NF-kappa-B complex which translocates to the nucleus. The NF-kappa-B heterodimer RELA/p65-c-Rel is a transcriptional activator.|
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c-Rel is a member of the nuclear factor kB (NF-kB) transcription factor family. The NF-kB family of dimeric transcription factors consists of four other mammalian members, RelA (p65), RelB, NF-kB1 (p105/p50) and NFkB2 (p100/p52) and is involved in many biological processes such as inflammation, immunity, differentiation, cell growth, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. c-Rel is a proto-oncogene that may play a role in differentiation and lymphopoiesis. c-Rel form different dimer combinations that act as transcriptional activators of repressors (1). Findings indicate that RelA and c-Rel control the development of the epidermis and associated appendages during embryogenesis; they regulate epidermal homeostasis in a postnatal environment through the suppression of innate immune-mediated inflammation (2).
1. The NCBI handbook [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US), National Center for Biotechnology Information; 2002 Oct. Chapter 17, The Reference Sequence (RefSeq) Project. 2. Gugazyan R, et al. Mol cell Biol 24(13):5733-45, 2004
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