|Calculated MW||30770 Da|
|Other Names||Fibroblast growth factor 2, FGF-2, Basic fibroblast growth factor, bFGF, Heparin-binding growth factor 2, HBGF-2, FGF2, FGFB|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues in human FGF2 was used as an immunogen.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||FGF2 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Plays an important role in the regulation of cell survival, cell division, angiogenesis, cell differentiation and cell migration. Functions as potent mitogen in vitro. Can induce angiogenesis (PubMed:23469107).|
|Cellular Location||Secreted. Nucleus. Note=Exported from cells by an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)/Golgi-independent mechanism Unconventional secretion of FGF2 occurs by direct translocation across the plasma membrane. Binding of exogenous FGF2 to FGFR facilitates endocytosis followed by translocation of FGF2 across endosomal membrane into the cytosol. Nuclear import from the cytosol requires the classical nuclear import machinery, involving proteins KPNA1 and KPNB1, as well as CEP57|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in granulosa and cumulus cells. Expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma cells, but not in non- cancerous liver tissue.|
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Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) is a wide-spectrum mitogenic, angiogenic, and neurotrophic factor that is expressed at low levels in many tissues and cell types and reaches high concentrations in brain and pituitary. FGF2 has been implicated in a multitude of physiologic and pathologic processes, including limb development, angiogenesis, wound healing, and tumor growth (1). It is also an important modulator of cartilage and bone growth and differentiation (2). FGF2 consists of multiple protein isoforms produced by alternative translation from the FGF2 gene. High molecular weight FGF2 isoforms are not secreted from the cell, but are transported to the nucleus where they regulate cell growth or behavior in an intracrine fashion. 18 kDa FGF2 can be secreted to the extracellular medium where it acts as a conventional growth factor by binding to and activation of cell-surface receptors (3, 4). These protein isoforms are localized to different cellular compartments, indicating unique biological activity. FGF2 isoforms in the heart have distinct roles in many pathological circumstances in the heart including cardiac hypertrophy, ischemia-reperfusion injury, and atherosclerosis (4).
1. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, OMIM ?. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. MIM Number: 134920:7/28/05. 2. Montero A, et al. J Clin Invest. 105(8):1085-93, 2000 3. S鴕ensen V, et al. Bioessays. 28(5):504-14, 2006 4. Liao S, et al. Dev Dyn. 238(2):249-64, 2009
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