|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||98821 Da|
|Other Names||Glutamate receptor 2, GluR-2, AMPA-selective glutamate receptor 2, GluR-B, GluR-K2, Glutamate receptor ionotropic, AMPA 2, GluA2, GRIA2, GLUR2|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a residue near N-term of human Glutamate receptor type 2 was used as immunogen.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||GluR2 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Receptor for glutamate that functions as ligand-gated ion channel in the central nervous system and plays an important role in excitatory synaptic transmission. L-glutamate acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter at many synapses in the central nervous system. Binding of the excitatory neurotransmitter L- glutamate induces a conformation change, leading to the opening of the cation channel, and thereby converts the chemical signal to an electrical impulse. The receptor then desensitizes rapidly and enters a transient inactive state, characterized by the presence of bound agonist. In the presence of CACNG4 or CACNG7 or CACNG8, shows resensitization which is characterized by a delayed accumulation of current flux upon continued application of glutamate.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Note=Interaction with CACNG2, CNIH2 and CNIH3 promotes cell surface expression|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Glutamate receptor type 2 (GluR2) is one of the four subunits of α-amino-5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptor. AMPA receptor is a non-NMDA-type ionotropic transmembrane receptor for glutamate that mediates fast synaptic transmission in the central nervous system (CNS (1). AMPA receptors are composed of four types of subunits, designated as GluR1, GluR2, GluR3, and GluR4 (alternatively called GluRA-D), which combine to form tetramers (2). The complex comprising of GluR2 and GluR3 is one of the two predominant forms in the adult hippocampus. All four GluRs interact with specific cytoplasmic protein through their C-terminal tails. Although in contrast to GluR1 and GluR4, GluR3 and GluR2 have a short C-terminal tail (3).
1. Pellegrini DE, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci 88:4157-4161 2001.
2. Boehm J, et al. Biochem Soc Trans 33:1334-1336. 2005.
3. Dingledine R, et al. Pharm Review 51:7-62. 1999.
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