|Calculated MW||67787 Da|
|Other Names||G protein-coupled receptor kinase 5, G protein-coupled receptor kinase GRK5, GRK5, GPRK5|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the C-terminus of human GRK5 was used as an immunogen.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||GRK5 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Serine/threonine kinase that phosphorylates preferentially the activated forms of a variety of G-protein- coupled receptors (GPCRs). Such receptor phosphorylation initiates beta-arrestin-mediated receptor desensitization, internalization, and signaling events leading to their down-regulation. Phosphorylates a variety of GPCRs, including adrenergic receptors, muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (more specifically Gi-coupled M2/M4 subtypes), dopamine receptors and opioid receptors. In addition to GPCRs, also phosphorylates various substrates: Hsc70- interacting protein/ST13, TP53/p53, HDAC5, and arrestin-1/ARRB1. Phosphorylation of ARRB1 by GRK5 inhibits G-protein independent MAPK1/MAPK3 signaling downstream of 5HT4-receptors. Phosphorylation of HDAC5, a repressor of myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) leading to nuclear export of HDAC5 and allowing MEF2- mediated transcription. Phosphorylation of TP53/p53, a crucial tumor suppressor, inhibits TP53/p53-mediated apoptosis. Phosphorylation of ST13 regulates internalization of the chemokine receptor. Phosphorylates rhodopsin (RHO) (in vitro) and a non G- protein-coupled receptor, LRP6 during Wnt signaling (in vitro).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Note=Predominantly localized at the plasma membrane; targeted to the cell surface through the interaction with phospholipids. Nucleus localization is regulated in a GPCR and Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent fashion|
|Tissue Location||Highest levels in heart, placenta, lung > skeletal muscle > brain, liver, pancreas > kidney|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Guanine nucleotide binding protein (G-protein)-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) specifically phosphorylate the agonist-occupied form of G-protein-coupled receptors such as the beta 2-adrenergic receptor and rhodopsin. GRK5 was found to be able to phosphorylate rhodopsin in a light-dependent manner. In addition, GRK5 neither contains a consensus sequence for isoprenylation like rhodopsin kinase nor is activated by G-protein beta gamma subunits like beta ARK1. Thus, GRK5 represents a member of the GRK family that likely has a unique physiological role (1). To address the physiological importance of GRK5-mediated regulation of GPCRs, mice bearing targeted deletion of the GRK5 gene (GRK5-KO) were generated. GRK5-KO mice exhibited mild spontaneous hypothermia as well as pronounced behavioral supersensitivity upon challenge with the nonselective muscarinic agonist oxotremorine. Data demonstrate that elimination of GRK5 results in cholinergic supersensitivity and impaired muscarinic receptor desensitization (2).
1. Kunapuli P, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci, 90(12):5588-92, 1993
2. Gainetdinov RR, et al. Neuron 24(4):1029-36, 1999
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