|Application ||WB, IHC|
|Calculated MW||15404 Da|
|Other Names||Histone H31, Histone H3/a, Histone H3/b, Histone H3/c, Histone H3/d, Histone H3/f, Histone H3/h, Histone H3/i, Histone H3/j, Histone H3/k, Histone H3/l, HIST1H3A, H3FA|
|Target/Specificity||A phospho specific peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Threonine 3 of human Histone H3 was used as an immunogen. This antibody detects Histone H3 phosphorylated at Theronine 3.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Histone H3 Antibody Phospho (pT3) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Chromosome.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Changes in chromatin structure play a large role in the regulation of transcription in eukaryotes (1). The nucleosome is the primary building block of chromatin, and is made up of four core histone proteins (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4) (2). Acetylation of core histones regulates gene expression (2). Histone H3 is primarily acetylated at lysines 9, 14, 18, and 23 (3,4). Acetylation at lysine 9 appears to have a dominant role in histone deposition and chromatin assembly in some organisms (3,4). Immunostaining with phospho-specific antibodies in mammalian cells reveals mitotic phosphorylation of H3 Thr 3 in prophase and its dephosphorylation during anaphase. Furthermore we find that haspin, a member of a distinctive group of protein kinases present in diverse eukaryotes, phosphorylates H3 at Thr 3 in vitro. (5).
1. Braunstein, M., et al. Mol. Cell. Biol. 16: 4349
2. Workman, J.L. and R.E. Kingston. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 67: 545
3. Hansen, J.C. et al. Biochemistry 37, 17637
4. Strahl, B.D. and C.D. Allis. Nature 403, 41
5. Dai J et al. Genes Dev 19(4):472-88, 2005
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