|Application ||WB, IHC, IF|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||15328 Da|
|Other Names||Histone H33, H3F3A, H33A, H3F3|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Serine 31 of human Histone H3.3 was used as an immunogen.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Histone H3.3 Antibody Phospho (pS31) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Variant histone H3 which replaces conventional H3 in a wide range of nucleosomes in active genes. Constitutes the predominant form of histone H3 in non-dividing cells and is incorporated into chromatin independently of DNA synthesis. Deposited at sites of nucleosomal displacement throughout transcribed genes, suggesting that it represents an epigenetic imprint of transcriptionally active chromatin. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Chromosome.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Changes in chromatin structure play a large role in the regulation of transcription in eukaryotes (1). The nucleosome is the primary building block of chromatin, and is made up of four core histone proteins (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4) (2). Various post-translational modifications, such as acetylation and methylation, of core histones serve as regulators of gene expression (2). Histone H3.3 is a variant histone which replaces conventional H3 in nucleosomes in active genes. It is predominant from of histone H3 in non-dividing cells and it is incorporated into chromatin independently of DNA synthesis. H3.3 is phosphorylated at serine 28 by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5, and AURKB during mitosis. Also, phosphorylation at serine 31 on H3.3 is specific to regions bordering centromeres in metaphase chromosomes.
1. Braunstein M, et al. Mol. Cell. Biol. 16:4349 2. Workman JL, et al. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 67: 545 3. Cheung, P. et al. Cell 103, 263 4. Xiao T, et al. Mol Cell Bio 25:637-651, 2005 5. Albig W, et al. Hum Genet 97:486-491. 1996
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