|Application ||WB, IHC|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||14234 Da|
|Other Names||Histone H2A type 1-A, Histone H2A/r, HIST1H2AA, H2AFR|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the N-terminus of human Histone H2A was used as an immunogen.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Histone-H2A Antibody Acetyl (K5) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Chromosome.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Changes in chromatin structure play a large role in the regulation of transcription in eukaryotes (1). The nucleosome is the primary building block of chromatin, and is made up of four core histone proteins (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4) (2). It has been shown that DNA damage induces monoubiquitylation of histone H2A in the vicinity of DNA lesions. Ultraviolet -induced monoubiquitylation of H2A is dependent on functional nucleotide excision repair. It occurs after incision of the damaged strand and forms part of the cellular response to UV damage and suggests a role of this modification in DNA repair-induced chromatin remodeling (3).
1. Braunstein M, et al. Mol. Cell. Biol. 16:4349
2. Workman JL, Kingston RE,. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 67: 545
3. Bergink S, et al. Genes Dev. 20(10):1343-52, 2006.
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