Register or Login
All
  • All
  • Uniprot Id
  • Catalog #
  • Peptide Sequence
>   home   >   Products   >   Primary Antibodies   >   HMGB1 Antibody   

HMGB1 Antibody

Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody

     
  • WB - HMGB1 Antibody AJ1364a
    A. Western blot analysis on (A) SKBR-3, (B) Hela and (C) HepG2 cell lysates using anti-HMGB1 RabMAb (Cat. #AJ1364a), dilution 1:50,000.
  • IHC - HMGB1 Antibody AJ1364a
    B. Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human kidney tissue using anti-HMGB1 RabMAb (Cat. #AJ1364a).
  • SPECIFICATION
  • CITATIONS
  • PROTOCOLS
  • BACKGROUND
Product Information
Application
  • Applications Legend:
  • WB=Western Blot
  • IHC=Immunohistochemistry
  • IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin-embedded Sections)
  • IHC-F=Immunohistochemistry (Frozen Sections)
  • IF=Immunofluorescence
  • FC=Flow Cytopmetry
  • IC=Immunochemistry
  • ICC=Immunocytochemistry
  • E=ELISA
  • IP=Immunoprecipitation
  • DB=Dot Blot
  • CHIP=Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • FA=Fluorescence Assay
  • IEM=Immunoelectronmicroscopy
  • EIA=Enzyme Immunoassay
WB, IHC
Primary Accession P09429
Reactivity Human, Mouse, Rat
Host Rabbit
Clonality Monoclonal
Clone Names EPR3507
Calculated MW 24894 Da
Gene ID 3146
Other Names High mobility group protein B1, High mobility group protein 1, HMG-1, HMGB1, HMG1
Target/Specificity A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues in human HMGB1 was used as an immunogen.
Dilution WB~~1:10000~50000
IHC~~1:250~500
Format 50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.
StorageMaintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.
PrecautionsHMGB1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Protein Information
Name HMGB1
Synonyms HMG1
Function Multifunctional redox sensitive protein with various roles in different cellular compartments. In the nucleus is one of the major chromatin-associated non-histone proteins and acts as a DNA chaperone involved in replication, transcription, chromatin remodeling, V(D)J recombination, DNA repair and genome stability. Proposed to be an universal biosensor for nucleic acids. Promotes host inflammatory response to sterile and infectious signals and is involved in the coordination and integration of innate and adaptive immune responses. In the cytoplasm functions as sensor and/or chaperone for immunogenic nucleic acids implicating the activation of TLR9-mediated immune responses, and mediates autophagy. Acts as danger associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecule that amplifies immune responses during tissue injury. Released to the extracellular environment can bind DNA, nucleosomes, IL-1 beta, CXCL12, AGER isoform 2/sRAGE, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA), and activates cells through engagement of multiple surface receptors. In the extracellular compartment fully reduced HMGB1 (released by necrosis) acts as a chemokine, disulfide HMGB1 (actively secreted) as a cytokine, and sulfonyl HMGB1 (released from apoptotic cells) promotes immunological tolerance (PubMed:23519706, PubMed:23446148, PubMed:23994764, PubMed:25048472). Has proangiogdenic activity (By similarity). May be involved in platelet activation (By similarity). Binds to phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamide (By similarity). Bound to RAGE mediates signaling for neuronal outgrowth (By similarity). May play a role in accumulation of expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) proteins such as huntingtin (HTT) or TBP (PubMed:23303669, PubMed:25549101).
Cellular Location Nucleus. Chromosome {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P10103, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63159, ECO:0000305}. Cytoplasm Secreted {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12231511, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14532127, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15944249, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19811284, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22869893}. Cell membrane {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63159, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11154118}; Peripheral membrane protein {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63159, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11154118}; Extracellular side {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63159, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11154118}. Endosome {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158}. Endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158}. Note=In basal state predominantly nuclear. Shuttles between the cytoplasm and the nucleus (PubMed:12231511, PubMed:17114460). Translocates from the nucleus to the cytoplasm upon autophagy stimulation (PubMed:20819940). Release from macrophages in the extracellular milieu requires the activation of NLRC4 or NLRP3 inflammasomes (By similarity). Passively released to the extracellular milieu from necrotic cells by diffusion, involving the fully reduced HGMB1 which subsequently gets oxidized (PubMed:19811284). Also released from apoptic cells (PubMed:16855214, PubMed:18631454). Active secretion from a variety of immune and non-immune cells such as macrophages, monocytes, neutrophils, dendritic cells and natural killer cells in response to various stimuli such as LPS and cytokines involves a nonconventional secretory process via secretory lysosomes (PubMed:12231511, PubMed:14532127, PubMed:15944249). Secreted by plasma cells in response to LPS (By similarity). Found on the surface of activated platelets (PubMed:11154118). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11154118, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12231511, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14532127, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15944249, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16855214, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17114460, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18631454, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19811284, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20819940, ECO:0000305|PubMed:20123072}
Tissue Location Ubiquituous. Expressed in platelets (PubMed:11154118).
Citations (0)

Thousands of laboratories across the world have published research that depended on the performance of antibodies from Abgent to advance their research. Check out links to articles that cite our products in major peer-reviewed journals, organized by research category.

Submit your citation using an Abgent antibody to
info@abgent.com, and receive a free "I Love Antibodies" mug.

Background

High-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) is a nuclear DNA-binding protein, which also functions as a pleiotropic cytokine, implicated in the pathology of several different immune-mediated diseases (1). As a nuclear protein, HMGB1 stabilizes nucleosomes and allows bending of DNA that facilitates gene transcription. Recent studies identified extracellular HMGB1 as a potent macrophage-activating factor, signaling via the receptor for advanced glycation end-products to induce inflammatory responses. HMGB1 mediates endotoxin lethality, acute lung injury, arthritis induction, activation of macrophages, smooth muscle cell chemotaxis, and epithelial cell barrier dysfunction (2).

References

1. Kornblit B., et al. Tissue Antigens 70:151-156, 2007
2. Andersson U, et al. J Leukoc Biol. 72(6):1084-91, 2002

FeedBack
Abgent welcomes feedback from its customers.

If you have used an Abgent product and would like to share how it has performed, please click on the "Submit Review" button and provide the requested information. Our staff will examine and post your review and contact you if needed.

If you have any additional inquiries please email technical services at tech@abgent.com.

Discontinued
Cat# AJ1364a
Size:
Alternative Products:

Ordering Information

United States
AlbaniaAustraliaAustriaBelgiumBosnia & HerzegovinaBrazilBulgariaCanadaChinaCroatiaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIrelandIsraelItalyJapanKoreaLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMacedoniaMalaysiaMaltaNetherlandsNew ZealandNorwayPakistanPolandPortugalRomaniaSerbiaSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSouth AfricaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandTaiwanTurkeyUnited KingdomUnited StatesVietnamOthers
Abgent, Inc.
(888) 735-7227 / (858) 622-0099
(858) 622-0609
USA Headquarters
(888) 735-7227 / (858) 622-0099 or (858) 875-1900

Shipping Information

Domestic orders (in stock items)
Shipped out the same day. Orders placed after 1 PM (PST) will ship out the next business day.
International orders
Contact your local distributors
Crown-Flash18
Terms & Conditions