|Application ||WB, IHC, IF|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||70898 Da|
|Other Names||Heat shock cognate 71 kDa protein, Heat shock 70 kDa protein 8, Lipopolysaccharide-associated protein 1, LAP-1, LPS-associated protein 1, HSPA8, HSC70, HSP73, HSPA10|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the C-terminus of human Hsp73 was used as an immunogen.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||HSP73/HSPA8 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||HSC70, HSP73, HSPA10|
|Function||Molecular chaperone implicated in a wide variety of cellular processes, including protection of the proteome from stress, folding and transport of newly synthesized polypeptides, activation of proteolysis of misfolded proteins and the formation and dissociation of protein complexes. Plays a pivotal role in the protein quality control system, ensuring the correct folding of proteins, the re-folding of misfolded proteins and controlling the targeting of proteins for subsequent degradation (PubMed:21150129, PubMed:21148293, PubMed:24732912, PubMed:27916661, PubMed:23018488). This is achieved through cycles of ATP binding, ATP hydrolysis and ADP release, mediated by co-chaperones (PubMed:21150129, PubMed:21148293, PubMed:24732912, PubMed:27916661, PubMed:23018488). The co-chaperones have been shown to not only regulate different steps of the ATPase cycle of HSP70, but they also have an individual specificity such that one co-chaperone may promote folding of a substrate while another may promote degradation (PubMed:21150129, PubMed:21148293, PubMed:24732912, PubMed:27916661, PubMed:23018488). The affinity of HSP70 for polypeptides is regulated by its nucleotide bound state. In the ATP-bound form, it has a low affinity for substrate proteins. However, upon hydrolysis of the ATP to ADP, it undergoes a conformational change that increases its affinity for substrate proteins. HSP70 goes through repeated cycles of ATP hydrolysis and nucleotide exchange, which permits cycles of substrate binding and release. The HSP70-associated co-chaperones are of three types: J- domain co-chaperones HSP40s (stimulate ATPase hydrolysis by HSP70), the nucleotide exchange factors (NEF) such as BAG1/2/3 (facilitate conversion of HSP70 from the ADP-bound to the ATP- bound state thereby promoting substrate release), and the TPR domain chaperones such as HOPX and STUB1 (PubMed:24318877, PubMed:27474739, PubMed:24121476, PubMed:26865365). Acts as a repressor of transcriptional activation. Inhibits the transcriptional coactivator activity of CITED1 on Smad-mediated transcription. Component of the PRP19-CDC5L complex that forms an integral part of the spliceosome and is required for activating pre-mRNA splicing. May have a scaffolding role in the spliceosome assembly as it contacts all other components of the core complex. Binds bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and mediates LPS-induced inflammatory response, including TNF secretion by monocytes (PubMed:10722728, PubMed:11276205). Participates in the ER- associated degradation (ERAD) quality control pathway in conjunction with J domain-containing co-chaperones and the E3 ligase STUB1 (PubMed:23990462).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Melanosome. Nucleus, nucleolus. Cell membrane. Note=Localized in cytoplasmic mRNP granules containing untranslated mRNAs. Translocates rapidly from the cytoplasm to the nuclei, and especially to the nucleoli, upon heat shock|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Hsp73 is a normal cell constituent which is synthesized in increased abundance under adverse environmental circumstances, such as non-physiological temperatures or treatment with amino acid analogues (1). Data has shown a molecular mechanism for cytokine-mediated posttranscriptional regulation of Bim mRNA by Hsc70, which binds to AU-rich elements (AREs) in the 3'-untranslated region of specific mRNAs and enhances their stability. The RNA binding potential of Hsc70 is regulated by cochaperones including Bag-4 (also SODD), CHIP, Hip, and Hsp40 (2). Hsp73 protein expression was detected in the cytoplasm of melanoma cells in primary tumors and metastases. In primary melanomas, the proportion of Hsp73 protein expressing cells correlated with tumor thickness which was found to be statistically significant (3).
1. Ungewickell E, EMBO J. 4(13A):3385-91, 1985.
2. Matsui H, et al. Mol Cell. 25(1):99-112, 2007.
3. Deichmann M, et al. Int J Oncol 25(2):259-68, 2004.
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