|Calculated MW||30748 Da|
|Other Names||Interleukin-1 beta, IL-1 beta, Catabolin, IL1B, IL1F2|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues in the C-terminus of human IL1-beta was used as immunogen|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||IL-1 beta Antibody (C-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Produced by activated macrophages, IL-1 stimulates thymocyte proliferation by inducing IL-2 release, B-cell maturation and proliferation, and fibroblast growth factor activity. IL-1 proteins are involved in the inflammatory response, being identified as endogenous pyrogens, and are reported to stimulate the release of prostaglandin and collagenase from synovial cells.|
|Cellular Location||Secreted. Note=The lack of a specific hydrophobic segment in the precursor sequence suggests that IL-1 is released by damaged cells or is secreted by a mechanism differing from that used for other secretory proteins|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Interleukin 1 beta (IL1 beta) is a proinflammatory cytokine belonging to IL1 family. There are two known forms of IL1, IL1 alpha (predominant form in mice) and IL1 beta (predominant form in humans). IL1 beta and alpha are both synthesized as precursor. The IL1 beta precursor form is not biologically active, while IL1 alpha is. Expressed mainly by stimulated macrophages and monocytes, IL1 beta precursor is cleaved by Caspase 1/ICE and other proteases (2-3). Activated IL1 alpha remains mostly in the cytosol, activated IL1 beta is widely secreted. IL1 beta is known to be a mediator in inflammatory response and to be involved in a variety of cellular activities, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. It has been recently found that IL1 beta is a major cause of severe inflammation in the mouse model of Crohn's disease which makes IL1 beta an important target for this disease (4).
1. March et al. Nature 315: 641-647, 1985.
2. Dinarello, C. A. (1996) Blood 87, 2095-2147
3. Yuan et al. Cell 75, 641-652, 1993
4. Shin Maeda et al. Science 4 February 2005: 734-738.
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