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>   home   >   Products   >   Primary Antibodies   >   Signal Transduction   >   IL-1 beta Antibody (C-term)   

IL-1 beta Antibody (C-term)

Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody

     
  • WB - IL-1 beta Antibody (C-term) AJ1391b
    A. Western blot analysis of anti-IL1 beta RabMAb (Cat. #AJ1391b), dilution 1:5,000. (approximately 0.05ug/lane [0.5ug/200ul] of recombinant protein was loaded on the membrane)
  • SPECIFICATION
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Product Information
Application
  • Applications Legend:
  • WB=Western Blot
  • IHC=Immunohistochemistry
  • IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin-embedded Sections)
  • IHC-F=Immunohistochemistry (Frozen Sections)
  • IF=Immunofluorescence
  • FC=Flow Cytopmetry
  • IC=Immunochemistry
  • ICC=Immunocytochemistry
  • E=ELISA
  • IP=Immunoprecipitation
  • DB=Dot Blot
  • CHIP=Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • FA=Fluorescence Assay
  • IEM=Immunoelectronmicroscopy
  • EIA=Enzyme Immunoassay
WB
Primary Accession P01584
Reactivity Human
Host Rabbit
Clonality Monoclonal
Clone Names EP408Y
Calculated MW 30748 Da
Gene ID 3553
Other Names Interleukin-1 beta, IL-1 beta, Catabolin, IL1B, IL1F2
Target/Specificity A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues in the C-terminus of human IL1-beta was used as immunogen
Dilution WB~~1:5000
Format 50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.
StorageMaintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.
PrecautionsIL-1 beta Antibody (C-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Protein Information
Name IL1B
Synonyms IL1F2
Function Potent proinflammatory cytokine. Initially discovered as the major endogenous pyrogen, induces prostaglandin synthesis, neutrophil influx and activation, T-cell activation and cytokine production, B-cell activation and antibody production, and fibroblast proliferation and collagen production. Promotes Th17 differentiation of T-cells.
Cellular Location Cytoplasm, cytosol. Lysosome. Secreted, exosome {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P10749}. Cytoplasmic vesicle, autophagosome. Secreted Note=The precursor is cytosolic. In response to inflammasome- activating signals, such as ATP for NLRP3 inflammasome or bacterial flagellin for NLRC4 inflammasome, cleaved and secreted IL1B lacks any known signal sequence and the pathway(s) of its secretion is(are) not yet fully understood (PubMed:24201029). On the basis of experimental results, several unconventional secretion mechanisms have been proposed. 1. Secretion via secretory lysosomes: a fraction of CASP1 and IL1B precursor may be incorporated, by a yet undefined mechanism, into secretory lysosomes that undergo Ca(2+)-dependent exocytosis with release of mature IL1B (PubMed:15192144). 2. Secretory autophagy: IL1B- containing autophagosomes may fuse with endosomes or multivesicular bodies (MVBs) and then merge with the plasma membrane releasing soluble IL1B or IL1B-containing exosomes (PubMed:24201029). However, autophagy impacts IL1B production at several levels and its role in secretion is still controversial 3. Secretion via exosomes: ATP-activation of P2RX7 leads to the formation of MVBs containing exosomes with entrapped IL1B, CASP1 and other inflammasome components. These MVBs undergo exocytosis with the release of exosomes. The release of soluble IL1B occurs after the lysis of exosome membranes (By similarity). 4. Secretion by microvesicle shedding: activation of the ATP receptor P2RX7 may induce an immediate shedding of membrane-derived microvesicles containing IL1B and possibly inflammasome components. The cytokine is then released in the extracellular compartment after microvesicle lysis (PubMed:11728343). 5. Release by translocation through permeabilized plasma membrane. This may occur in cells undergoing pyroptosis due to sustained activation of the inflammasome (By similarity). These mechanisms may not be not mutually exclusive. {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P10749, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11728343, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15192144, ECO:0000305|PubMed:24201029}
Tissue Location Expressed in activated monocytes/macrophages (at protein level).
Research Areas
Citations (0)

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Background

Interleukin 1 beta (IL1 beta) is a proinflammatory cytokine belonging to IL1 family. There are two known forms of IL1, IL1 alpha (predominant form in mice) and IL1 beta (predominant form in humans). IL1 beta and alpha are both synthesized as precursor. The IL1 beta precursor form is not biologically active, while IL1 alpha is. Expressed mainly by stimulated macrophages and monocytes, IL1 beta precursor is cleaved by Caspase 1/ICE and other proteases (2-3). Activated IL1 alpha remains mostly in the cytosol, activated IL1 beta is widely secreted. IL1 beta is known to be a mediator in inflammatory response and to be involved in a variety of cellular activities, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. It has been recently found that IL1 beta is a major cause of severe inflammation in the mouse model of Crohn's disease which makes IL1 beta an important target for this disease (4).

References

1. March et al. Nature 315: 641-647, 1985.
2. Dinarello, C. A. (1996) Blood 87, 2095-2147
3. Yuan et al. Cell 75, 641-652, 1993
4. Shin Maeda et al. Science 4 February 2005: 734-738.

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Discontinued
Cat# AJ1391b
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