|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||14272 Da|
|Other Names||Microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3A, Autophagy-related protein LC3 A, Autophagy-related ubiquitin-like modifier LC3 A, MAP1 light chain 3-like protein 1, MAP1A/MAP1B light chain 3 A, MAP1A/MAP1B LC3 A, Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 alpha, MAP1LC3A|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues on the N-terminus o f human LC3-II was used as an immunogen|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||MAPILC3A Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Ubiquitin-like modifier involved in formation of autophagosomal vacuoles (autophagosomes) (PubMed:20713600, PubMed:24290141). Whereas LC3s are involved in elongation of the phagophore membrane, the GABARAP/GATE-16 subfamily is essential for a later stage in autophagosome maturation (PubMed:20713600).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Endomembrane system; Lipid-anchor. Cytoplasmic vesicle, autophagosome membrane; Lipid-anchor. Cytoplasmic vesicle, autophagosome Note=LC3-II binds to the autophagic membranes|
|Tissue Location||Most abundant in heart, brain, liver, skeletal muscle and testis but absent in thymus and peripheral blood leukocytes.|
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Microtubule-associated MAPILC3A constitute nearly half of the mass of all the microtubule associated proteins that copurify with brain microtubules. MAPILC3A is composed of a heavy chain and multiple light-chain subunits. The molecular machinery required for autophagy is highly conserved in all eukaryotes as seen by the high degree of conservation of proteins involved in the formation of the autophagosome membranes. Recently, both yeast Apg8p and its rat homologue LC3-II were identified as essential constituents of autophagosome membrane as a processed form. In addition, both the yeast and human proteins exist in two modified forms produced by a series of post-translational modifications including a critical C-terminal cleavage after a conserved Gly residue, and the smaller processed form is associated with the autophagosome membranes Results revealed different regulation of the three human isoforms of LC3-II and implicate that the three isoforms may have different physiological functions (1). Two forms of LC3, called LC3-I and -II, were produced post-translationally in various cells. LC3-I is cytosolic, whereas LC3-II is membrane bound. LC3-II is the first mammalian protein identified that specifically associates with autophagosome membranes (2).
1. He H, et al. J Biol Chem 278(31):29278-87, 2003
2. Kebeya Y et al. EMBO J 19(21):5720-8, 2000
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