|Calculated MW||124184 Da|
|Other Names||Phospholipase D1, PLD 1, hPLD1, Choline phosphatase 1, Phosphatidylcholine-hydrolyzing phospholipase D1, PLD1|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues on the N-terminus of human PLD1 was used as an immunogen.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||PLD1 Antibody (N-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Implicated as a critical step in numerous cellular pathways, including signal transduction, membrane trafficking, and the regulation of mitosis. May be involved in the regulation of perinuclear intravesicular membrane traffic (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Lipid-anchor; Cytoplasmic side. Golgi apparatus membrane; Lipid-anchor; Cytoplasmic side. Late endosome membrane; Lipid- anchor; Cytoplasmic side|
|Tissue Location||Expressed abundantly in the pancreas and heart and at high levels in brain, placenta, spleen, uterus and small intestine.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Phospholipase D (PLD) cleaves phosphatidylcholine in response to a variety of cell stimuli to release phosphatidic acid, which is associated with a number of cellular responses including regulated secretion, mitogenesis, and cytoskeletal changes. Human PLD1 does not appear to be an abundant message in any tissue tested whereas levels of human PLD2 mRNA apparently were higher and more variable (1). PLD) has been implicated in a variety of cellular processes including vesicular transport, the respiratory burst, and mitogenesis. PLD1, first cloned from human, is activated by small GTPases such as ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) and RhoA (2). Phosphoinositides are localized in various intracellular compartments and can regulate a number of intracellular functions, such as cytoskeletal dynamics and membrane trafficking. PLDs are regulated enzymes that hydrolyse phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) to generate the putative second messenger phosphatidic acid (PtdOH). In vitro, PLDs have an absolute requirement for higher phosphorylated inositides, such as phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P(2)] (3).
1. Steed PM, et al. FASEB J 12(13):1309-17, 1998
2. Lopez I, et al. J Biol Chem 273(21):12846-52, 1998
3. Divecha N, et al. EMBO J 19(20):5440-9, 2000
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