|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||52668 Da|
|Other Names||Presenilin-1, PS-1, 3423-, Protein S182, Presenilin-1 NTF subunit, Presenilin-1 CTF subunit, Presenilin-1 CTF12, PS1-CTF12, PSEN1, AD3, PS1, PSNL1|
|Target/Specificity||A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues NTF subunit of Presenilin-1 protein was used as an immunogen.|
|Format||50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 40% Glycerol, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Presenilin-1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||AD3, PS1, PSNL1|
|Function||Probable catalytic subunit of the gamma-secretase complex, an endoprotease complex that catalyzes the intramembrane cleavage of integral membrane proteins such as Notch receptors and APP (beta-amyloid precursor protein). Requires the other members of the gamma-secretase complex to have a protease activity. May play a role in intracellular signaling and gene expression or in linking chromatin to the nuclear membrane. Stimulates cell-cell adhesion though its association with the E-cadherin/catenin complex. Under conditions of apoptosis or calcium influx, cleaves E-cadherin promoting the disassembly of the E-cadherin/catenin complex and increasing the pool of cytoplasmic beta-catenin, thus negatively regulating Wnt signaling. May also play a role in hematopoiesis.|
|Cellular Location||Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Golgi apparatus membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell surface. Note=Bound to NOTCH1 also at the cell surface. Colocalizes with CDH1/2 at sites of cell-cell contact Colocalizes with CTNNB1 in the endoplasmic reticulum and the proximity of the plasma membrane. Also present in azurophil granules of neutrophils|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in a wide range of tissues including various regions of the brain, liver, spleen and lymph nodes|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Presenilin (PS) facilitates gamma-secretase cleavage of the beta-amyloid precursor protein and the intramembraneous cleavage of Notch1 (1). The discovery that a deficiency of presenilin 1 (PS1) decreases the production of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) identified the presenilins as important mediators of the gamma-secretase cleavage of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP). It has been shown that two conserved transmembrane (TM) aspartates in PS1 are critical for Abeta production, providing evidence that PS either functions as a required diaspartyl cofactor for gamma-secretase or is itself gamma-secretase. Presenilin 2 (PS2) shares substantial sequence and possibly functional homology with PS1. It has been shown that the two TM aspartates in PS2 are also critical for gamma-secretase activity, providing further evidence that PS2 is functionally homologous to PS1 (2). PS are found primarily within intracellular membranes, including the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the trans-Golgi network as well as the plasma membrane. PS are also expressed in most cell types throughout development (3).
1. Steiner H, et al. J Biol Chem. 274(40):28669-73, 1999.
2. Kimberly WT, et al. J Biol Chem 275(5):3173-8, 2000.
3. Kopan et al. Gene Dev. 14(22):2799-2806, 2000.
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