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MSH2 Antibody (aa550-600)

Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody

     
  • IHC - MSH2 Antibody (aa550-600) ALS12034
    Anti-MSH2 antibody IHC of human breast.
  • SPECIFICATION
  • CITATIONS
  • PROTOCOLS
  • BACKGROUND
Product Information
Application
  • Applications Legend:
  • WB=Western Blot
  • IHC=Immunohistochemistry
  • IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin-embedded Sections)
  • IHC-F=Immunohistochemistry (Frozen Sections)
  • IF=Immunofluorescence
  • FC=Flow Cytopmetry
  • IC=Immunochemistry
  • ICC=Immunocytochemistry
  • E=ELISA
  • IP=Immunoprecipitation
  • DB=Dot Blot
  • CHIP=Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • FA=Fluorescence Assay
  • IEM=Immunoelectronmicroscopy
  • EIA=Enzyme Immunoassay
WB, IHC-P
Primary Accession P43246
Reactivity Human, Mouse
Host Rabbit
Clonality Polyclonal
Calculated MW 105kDa
Dilution IHC-P (5 µg/ml), WB (1-3 µg/ml),
Additional Information
Gene ID 4436
Other Names DNA mismatch repair protein Msh2, hMSH2, MutS protein homolog 2, MSH2
Target/Specificity A portion of amino acids 550-600 of human MSH2 was used as the immunogen.
Reconstitution & Storage Short term 4°C, long term aliquot and store at -20°C, avoid freeze thaw cycles.
PrecautionsMSH2 Antibody (aa550-600) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Protein Information
Name MSH2
Function Component of the post-replicative DNA mismatch repair system (MMR). Forms two different heterodimers: MutS alpha (MSH2- MSH6 heterodimer) and MutS beta (MSH2-MSH3 heterodimer) which binds to DNA mismatches thereby initiating DNA repair. When bound, heterodimers bend the DNA helix and shields approximately 20 base pairs. MutS alpha recognizes single base mismatches and dinucleotide insertion-deletion loops (IDL) in the DNA. MutS beta recognizes larger insertion-deletion loops up to 13 nucleotides long. After mismatch binding, MutS alpha or beta forms a ternary complex with the MutL alpha heterodimer, which is thought to be responsible for directing the downstream MMR events, including strand discrimination, excision, and resynthesis. ATP binding and hydrolysis play a pivotal role in mismatch repair functions. The ATPase activity associated with MutS alpha regulates binding similar to a molecular switch: mismatched DNA provokes ADP-->ATP exchange, resulting in a discernible conformational transition that converts MutS alpha into a sliding clamp capable of hydrolysis-independent diffusion along the DNA backbone. This transition is crucial for mismatch repair. MutS alpha may also play a role in DNA homologous recombination repair. In melanocytes may modulate both UV-B-induced cell cycle regulation and apoptosis.
Cellular Location Nucleus.
Tissue Location Ubiquitously expressed.
Research Areas
Citations (0)

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Background

Component of the post-replicative DNA mismatch repair system (MMR). Forms two different heterodimers: MutS alpha (MSH2- MSH6 heterodimer) and MutS beta (MSH2-MSH3 heterodimer) which binds to DNA mismatches thereby initiating DNA repair. When bound, heterodimers bend the DNA helix and shields approximately 20 base pairs. MutS alpha recognizes single base mismatches and dinucleotide insertion-deletion loops (IDL) in the DNA. MutS beta recognizes larger insertion-deletion loops up to 13 nucleotides long. After mismatch binding, MutS alpha or beta forms a ternary complex with the MutL alpha heterodimer, which is thought to be responsible for directing the downstream MMR events, including strand discrimination, excision, and resynthesis. ATP binding and hydrolysis play a pivotal role in mismatch repair functions. The ATPase activity associated with MutS alpha regulates binding similar to a molecular switch: mismatched DNA provokes ADP-->ATP exchange, resulting in a discernible conformational transition that converts MutS alpha into a sliding clamp capable of hydrolysis-independent diffusion along the DNA backbone. This transition is crucial for mismatch repair. MutS alpha may also play a role in DNA homologous recombination repair. In melanocytes may modulate both UV-B-induced cell cycle regulation and apoptosis.

References

Fishel R.,et al.Cell 75:1027-1038(1993).
Fishel R.,et al.Cell 77:167-167(1994).
Leach F.S.,et al.Cell 75:1215-1225(1993).
Kolodner R.D.,et al.Genomics 24:516-526(1994).
Wijnen J.,et al.Am. J. Hum. Genet. 56:1060-1066(1995).

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$ 395.00
Cat# ALS12034
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