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>   home   >   Products   >   Primary Antibodies   >   HMG1 / HMGB1 Antibody (clone 2F6)   

HMG1 / HMGB1 Antibody (clone 2F6)

Mouse Monoclonal Antibody

     
  • WB - HMG1 / HMGB1 Antibody (clone 2F6) ALS13330
    HMGB1 monoclonal antibody, clone 2F6 Western blot of HMGB1 expression in HeLa NE.
  • WB - HMG1 / HMGB1 Antibody (clone 2F6) ALS13330
    Western blot of HMGB1 expression in transfected 293T cell line by HMGB1 monoclonal antibody,...
  • IF - HMG1 / HMGB1 Antibody (clone 2F6) ALS13330
    Immunofluorescence of monoclonal antibody to HMGB1 on HeLa cell (antibody concentration 10 ug/ml).
  • IHC - HMG1 / HMGB1 Antibody (clone 2F6) ALS13330
    Anti-HMGB1 antibody IHC of human placenta.
  • IHC - HMG1 / HMGB1 Antibody (clone 2F6) ALS13330
    Anti-HMGB1 antibody IHC of human testis.
  • IHC - HMG1 / HMGB1 Antibody (clone 2F6) ALS13330
    Anti-HMGB1 antibody IHC of human tonsil.
  • SPECIFICATION
  • CITATIONS
  • PROTOCOLS
  • BACKGROUND
Product Information
Application
  • Applications Legend:
  • WB=Western Blot
  • IHC=Immunohistochemistry
  • IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin-embedded Sections)
  • IHC-F=Immunohistochemistry (Frozen Sections)
  • IF=Immunofluorescence
  • FC=Flow Cytopmetry
  • IC=Immunochemistry
  • ICC=Immunocytochemistry
  • E=ELISA
  • IP=Immunoprecipitation
  • DB=Dot Blot
  • CHIP=Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • FA=Fluorescence Assay
  • IEM=Immunoelectronmicroscopy
  • EIA=Enzyme Immunoassay
WB, IHC-P, IF, E
Primary Accession P09429
Reactivity Human
Host Mouse
Clonality Monoclonal
Clone Names 2F6
Calculated MW 25kDa
Dilution IF (10 µg/ml), IHC-P (5 µg/ml),
Additional Information
Gene ID 3146
Other Names High mobility group protein B1, High mobility group protein 1, HMG-1, HMGB1, HMG1
Reconstitution & Storage Store at -20°C. Aliquot to avoid freeze/thaw cycles.
PrecautionsHMG1 / HMGB1 Antibody (clone 2F6) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Protein Information
Name HMGB1
Synonyms HMG1
Function Multifunctional redox sensitive protein with various roles in different cellular compartments. In the nucleus is one of the major chromatin-associated non-histone proteins and acts as a DNA chaperone involved in replication, transcription, chromatin remodeling, V(D)J recombination, DNA repair and genome stability. Proposed to be an universal biosensor for nucleic acids. Promotes host inflammatory response to sterile and infectious signals and is involved in the coordination and integration of innate and adaptive immune responses. In the cytoplasm functions as sensor and/or chaperone for immunogenic nucleic acids implicating the activation of TLR9-mediated immune responses, and mediates autophagy. Acts as danger associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecule that amplifies immune responses during tissue injury. Released to the extracellular environment can bind DNA, nucleosomes, IL-1 beta, CXCL12, AGER isoform 2/sRAGE, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA), and activates cells through engagement of multiple surface receptors. In the extracellular compartment fully reduced HMGB1 (released by necrosis) acts as a chemokine, disulfide HMGB1 (actively secreted) as a cytokine, and sulfonyl HMGB1 (released from apoptotic cells) promotes immunological tolerance (PubMed:23519706, PubMed:23446148, PubMed:23994764, PubMed:25048472). Has proangiogdenic activity (By similarity). May be involved in platelet activation (By similarity). Binds to phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamide (By similarity). Bound to RAGE mediates signaling for neuronal outgrowth (By similarity). May play a role in accumulation of expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) proteins such as huntingtin (HTT) or TBP (PubMed:23303669, PubMed:25549101).
Cellular Location Nucleus. Chromosome {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P10103, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63159, ECO:0000305}. Cytoplasm Secreted {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12231511, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14532127, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15944249, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19811284, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22869893}. Cell membrane {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63159, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11154118}; Peripheral membrane protein {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63159, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11154118}; Extracellular side {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63159, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11154118}. Endosome {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158}. Endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158}. Note=In basal state predominantly nuclear. Shuttles between the cytoplasm and the nucleus (PubMed:12231511, PubMed:17114460). Translocates from the nucleus to the cytoplasm upon autophagy stimulation (PubMed:20819940). Release from macrophages in the extracellular milieu requires the activation of NLRC4 or NLRP3 inflammasomes (By similarity). Passively released to the extracellular milieu from necrotic cells by diffusion, involving the fully reduced HGMB1 which subsequently gets oxidized (PubMed:19811284). Also released from apoptic cells (PubMed:16855214, PubMed:18631454). Active secretion from a variety of immune and non-immune cells such as macrophages, monocytes, neutrophils, dendritic cells and natural killer cells in response to various stimuli such as LPS and cytokines involves a nonconventional secretory process via secretory lysosomes (PubMed:12231511, PubMed:14532127, PubMed:15944249). Secreted by plasma cells in response to LPS (By similarity). Found on the surface of activated platelets (PubMed:11154118). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P63158, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11154118, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12231511, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14532127, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15944249, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16855214, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17114460, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18631454, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19811284, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20819940, ECO:0000305|PubMed:20123072}
Tissue Location Ubiquituous. Expressed in platelets (PubMed:11154118).
Citations (0)

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Background

DNA binding proteins that associates with chromatin and has the ability to bend DNA. Binds preferentially single-stranded DNA. Involved in V(D)J recombination by acting as a cofactor of the RAG complex. Acts by stimulating cleavage and RAG protein binding at the 23 bp spacer of conserved recombination signal sequences (RSS). Heparin-binding protein that has a role in the extension of neurite-type cytoplasmic processes in developing cells (By similarity).

References

Wen L.,et al.Nucleic Acids Res. 17:1197-1214(1989).
Ferrari S.,et al.Genomics 35:367-371(1996).
Xiang Y.-Y.,et al.Int. J. Cancer 74:1-6(1997).
Kornblit B.,et al.Tissue Antigens 70:151-156(2007).
He F.T.,et al.Submitted (SEP-2003) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.

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$ 450.00
Cat# ALS13330
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