|Application ||WB, IHC-P, E|
|Predicted||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||48081 Da|
|Dilution||ELISA, IHC-P (1:50), WB|
|Other Names||SMAD3, HSPC193, HMAD-3, HsT17436, LDS1C, LDS3, Mad homolog JV15-2, MAD3, MADH3, Mothers against DPP homolog 3, JV15-2, SMA- and MAD-related protein 3, SMAD family member 3, MAD homolog 3, HSMAD3, Mad protein homolog, SMAD 3|
|Target/Specificity||Smad3 (Ab-204) Antibody detects endogenous levels of total Smad3 protein.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||Immunoaffinity purified|
|Precautions||Anti-SMAD3 Antibody (aa170-219) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Receptor-regulated SMAD (R-SMAD) that is an intracellular signal transducer and transcriptional modulator activated by TGF-beta (transforming growth factor) and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Binds the TRE element in the promoter region of many genes that are regulated by TGF-beta and, on formation of the SMAD3/SMAD4 complex, activates transcription. Also can form a SMAD3/SMAD4/JUN/FOS complex at the AP-1/SMAD site to regulate TGF-beta-mediated transcription. Has an inhibitory effect on wound healing probably by modulating both growth and migration of primary keratinocytes and by altering the TGF- mediated chemotaxis of monocytes. This effect on wound healing appears to be hormone-sensitive. Regulator of chondrogenesis and osteogenesis and inhibits early healing of bone fractures. Positively regulates PDPK1 kinase activity by stimulating its dissociation from the 14-3-3 protein YWHAQ which acts as a negative regulator.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Cytoplasmic and nuclear in the absence of TGF-beta. On TGF-beta stimulation, migrates to the nucleus when complexed with SMAD4 (PubMed:15799969). Through the action of the phosphatase PPM1A, released from the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, and exported out of the nucleus by interaction with RANBP1 (PubMed:16751101, PubMed:19289081). Co-localizes with LEMD3 at the nucleus inner membrane (PubMed:15601644). MAPK-mediated phosphorylation appears to have no effect on nuclear import (PubMed:19218245). PDPK1 prevents its nuclear translocation in response to TGF-beta (PubMed:17327236)|
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