- CITATIONS: 17
|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Isotype||Mouse IgG1 k|
|Calculated MW||14272 Da|
|Other Names||Microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3A, Autophagy-related protein LC3 A, Autophagy-related ubiquitin-like modifier LC3 A, MAP1 light chain 3-like protein 1, MAP1A/MAP1B light chain 3 A, MAP1A/MAP1B LC3 A, Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 alpha, MAP1LC3A|
|Target/Specificity||This LC3 antibody is generated from mouse immunized with a full length recombinant protein of human LC3 (APG8).|
|Format||Purified monoclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein G column, followed by dialysis against PBS.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||LC3 Antibody (APG8) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Ubiquitin-like modifier involved in formation of autophagosomal vacuoles (autophagosomes). Whereas LC3s are involved in elongation of the phagophore membrane, the GABARAP/GATE-16 subfamily is essential for a later stage in autophagosome maturation.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Endomembrane system; Lipid-anchor. Cytoplasmic vesicle, autophagosome membrane; Lipid-anchor. Note=LC3-II binds to the autophagic membranes|
|Tissue Location||Most abundant in heart, brain, liver, skeletal muscle and testis but absent in thymus and peripheral blood leukocytes.|
Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
MAP1A and MAP1B are microtubule-associated proteins which mediate the physical interactions between microtubules and components of the cytoskeleton. MAP1A and MAP1B each consist of a heavy chain subunit and multiple light chain subunits. The protein encoded by this gene is one of the light chain subunits and can associate with either MAP1A or MAP1B. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
References for protein:
1.Autophagy negatively regulates Wnt signalling by promoting Dishevelled degradation. Gao C, et al. Nat Cell Biol, 2010 Aug. PMID 20639871.
2.The prolyl isomerase Pin1 induces LC-3 expression and mediates tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer. Namgoong GM, et al. J Biol Chem, 2010 Jul 30. PMID 20479004.
3.Protein kinase C inhibits autophagy and phosphorylates LC3. Jiang H, et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2010 May 14. PMID 20398630.
4. Processing of autophagic protein LC3 by the 20S proteasome. Gao Z, et al. Autophagy, 2010 Jan. PMID 20061800.
5.Defective autophagy associated with LC3 puncta in epothilone-resistant cancer cells. Shen S, et al. Cell Cycle, 2010 Jan 15. PMID 20023420.
References for U251 cell line:
1. Westermark B.; Pontén J.; Hugosson R. (1973).” Determinants for the establishment of permanent tissue culture lines from human gliomas”. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand A. 81:791-805. [PMID: 4359449].
2. Pontén, J.,Westermark B. (1978).” Properties of Human Malignant Glioma Cells in Vitro”. Medical Biology 56: 184-193.[PMID: 359950].
3. Geng Y.;Kohli L.; Klocke B.J.; Roth K.A.(2010). “Chloroquine-induced autophagic vacuole accumulation and cell death in glioma cells is p53 independent”. Neuro Oncol. 12(5): 473–481.[ PMID: 20406898].
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