|Application ||WB, E|
|Other Accession||NP_116241.2, NP_835739.1|
|Calculated MW||52497 Da|
|Other Names||Cysteine protease ATG4C, 3422-, AUT-like 3 cysteine endopeptidase, Autophagin-3, Autophagy-related cysteine endopeptidase 3, Autophagy-related protein 4 homolog C, ATG4C, APG4C, AUTL1, AUTL3|
|Target/Specificity||This ATG4C monoclonal antibody is generated from mouse immunized with ATG4C recombinant protein.|
|Format||Purified monoclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein G column, followed by dialysis against PBS.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||ATG4C Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||APG4C, AUTL1, AUTL3|
|Function||Cysteine protease required for the cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagy. Is not essential for autophagy development under normal conditions but is required for a proper autophagic response under stressful conditions such as prolonged starvation (By similarity). Cleaves the C-terminal amino acid of ATG8 family proteins MAP1LC3 and GABARAPL2, to reveal a C-terminal glycine. Exposure of the glycine at the C-terminus is essential for ATG8 proteins conjugation to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and insertion to membranes, which is necessary for autophagy. Has also an activity of delipidating enzyme for the PE-conjugated forms.|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in skeletal muscle, heart, liver and testis.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Autophagy is the process by which endogenous proteins and damaged organelles are destroyed intracellularly. Autophagy is postulated to be essential for cell homeostasis and cell remodeling during differentiation, metamorphosis, non-apoptotic cell death, and aging. Reduced levels of autophagy have been described in some malignant tumors, and a role for autophagy in controlling the unregulated cell growth linked to cancer has been proposed. This gene encodes a member of the autophagin protein family. The encoded protein is also designated as a member of the C-54 family of cysteine proteases. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding the same protein, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq].
Kathiresan, S., et al. Nat. Genet. 40(2):189-197(2008)
Marino, G., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 282(25):18573-18583(2007)
Levy, D., et al. BMC Med. Genet. 8 SUPPL 1, S3 (2007) :
Marino, G., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 278(6):3671-3678(2003)
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