|Predicted||Bovine, Chicken, Human, Mouse, Monkey|
|Calculated MW||32 KDa|
|Other Names||Protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 1B, DARPP-32, Dopamine- and cAMP-regulated neuronal phosphoprotein, Ppp1r1b|
|Target/Specificity||Synthetic phospho-peptide corresponding to amino acid residues surrounding Thr34 conjugated to KLH.|
|Format||Prepared from rabbit serum by affinity purification via sequential chromatography on phospho- and dephosphopeptide affinity columns.|
|Antibody Specificity||Specific for the ~32k DARPP-32 protein phosphorylated at Thr34. Immunolabeling is blocked by λ-phosphatase treatment.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||Phospho-Thr34 DARPP-32 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
DARPP-32 is a dopamine (DA) and cAMP-regulated ~32k phosphoprotein that is associated with dopaminoceptive neurons (Fienberg et al., 1998). The protein inhibits protein phosphatase I when it is phosphorylated on Thr34. In contrast, when DARPP-32 is phosphorylated on Thr75 the protein acts as an inhibitor of PKA (Bibb et al., 1999). Phosphorylation of DARPP-32 is thought to play a critical role in the regulation of dopaminergic neurotransmission. In addition, the activity of DARPP-32 is also thought to play important roles in the actions of alcohol, caffeine and Prozac® (Maldve et al., 2002; Lindskog et al., 2002; Svenningsson et al., 2002).
Bibb JA, Snyder GL, Nishi A, Yan Z, Meijer L, Fienberg AA, Tsai LH, Kwon YT, Girault JA, Czernik AJ, Huganir RL, Hemmings HC, Jr., Nairn AC, Greengard P (1999) Phosphorylation of DARPP-32 by cdk5 modulates dopamine signalling in neurons. Nature (London) 402:669-671.
Fienberg, A.A., Hiroi, N., Mermelstein, P.G., Song, W., Snyder, G.L., Nishi, A., Cheramy, A. O'Callaghan, J.P., Miller, D.B., Cole, D.G., Corbett, R., Haile, C.N., Cooper, D,C., Onn, S.P., Grace, A.A., Ouimet, C.C., White, F.G., Hyman, S.E., Surmeier, D.G., Girault, J., Nestler, E.J. and Greengard, P. (1998) DARPP-32: regulator of the efficacy of dopaminergic neurotransmission. Science 281:838-842.
Lindskog M, Svenningsson P, Pozzi L, Kim Y, Fienberg AA, Bibb JA, Fredholm BB, Nairn AC, Greengard P, Fisone G (2002) Involvement of DARPP-32 phosphorylation in the stimulant action of caffeine. Nature (London) 418:774-778.
Maldve RE, Zhang TA, Ferrani-Kile K, Schreiber SS, Lippmann MJ, Snyder GL, Feinberg AA, Leslie SW, Gonzales RA, Morrisett RA (2002) DARPP-32 and the regulation of the ethanol sensitivity of NMDA receptors in the nucleus accumbens. Nature Neurosci 5:641-648.
Svenningsson P, Tzavara ET, Witkin JM, Fienberg AA, Nomikos GG, Greengard P (2002) Involvement of striatal and extrastriatal DARPP-32 in biochemical and behavioral effects of fluoxetine (Prozac®). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99:3182-3187.
Daniela Marazziti, Chiara Di Pietro, Silvia Mandillo, Elisabetta Golini, Rafaele Matteoni, and Glauco P. Tocchini-Valentini (2011) Absence of the GPR37/PAEL receptor impairs striatal Akt and ERK2 phosphorylation, FosB expression, and conditioned place preference to amphetamine and cocaine FASEB J, 25: 2071 - 2081.
Rajani Maiya, Yan Zhou, Erin H. Norris, Mary Jeanne Kreek, and Sidney Strickland (2009) Tissue plasminogen activator modulates the cellular and behavioral response to cocaine. PNAS, 106: 1983 - 1988.
Michelle Niculescu, Shane A. Perrine, Jonathan S. Miller, Michelle E. Ehrlich, and Ellen M. Unterwald (2008) Trk: A Neuromodulator of Age-Specific Behavioral and Neurochemical Responses to Cocaine in Mice. J. Neurosci., Jan 2008; 28: 1198 - 1207.
Jean-Martin Beaulieu, Tatyana D. Sotnikova, Raul R. Gainetdinov, and Marc G. Caron (2006) Paradoxical Striatal Cellular Signaling Responses to Psychostimulants in Hyperactive Mice . J. Biol. Chem., Oct 2006; 281: 32072 - 32080.
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