|Application ||WB, E|
|Clone Names||4F9C10; 1B11B7|
|Calculated MW||44341 Da|
|Description||TGF beta(transforming growth factor beta), with 390-amino acid protein (about 43 kDa), is a multifunctional peptide that controls proliferation, differentiation, and other functions in many cell types. In mammals, three isoforms of TGFbeta, that is, beta1, beta2,and beta3,are known. TGF beta is one of numerous inhibitory factors produced by cancer cells that regulate antitumor immunity. TGF beta1 takes part in the local response in the course of primary lung cancer and TGFbeta1 is thought to be implicated in breast cancer progression.TGFbeta1 also plays a critical role in the downregulation of microglial responses minimizing brain inflammation and thus avoiding exacerbation of brain damage.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of TGF beta1 expressed in E. Coli. |
|Formulation||Ascitic fluid containing 0.03% sodium azide.|
|Other Names||Transforming growth factor beta-1, TGF-beta-1, Latency-associated peptide, LAP, TGFB1, TGFB|
|Dilution||WB~~1/500 - 1/2000|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||TGF beta1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Multifunctional protein that controls proliferation, differentiation and other functions in many cell types. Many cells synthesize TGFB1 and have specific receptors for it. It positively and negatively regulates many other growth factors. It plays an important role in bone remodeling as it is a potent stimulator of osteoblastic bone formation, causing chemotaxis, proliferation and differentiation in committed osteoblasts (By similarity). Stimulates sustained production of collagen through the activation of CREB3L1 by regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) (PubMed:25310401). Can promote either T-helper 17 cells (Th17) or regulatory T-cells (Treg) lineage differentiation in a concentration-dependent manner. At high concentrations, leads to FOXP3-mediated suppression of RORC and down-regulation of IL-17 expression, favoring Treg cell development. At low concentrations in concert with IL-6 and IL-21, leads to expression of the IL-17 and IL-23 receptors, favoring differentiation to Th17 cells. Mediates SMAD2/3 activation by inducing its phosphorylation and subsequent translocation to the nucleus (PubMed:25893292). Can induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cell migration in various cell types (PubMed:25893292).|
|Cellular Location||Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in bone. Abundantly expressed in articular cartilage and chondrocytes and is increased in osteoarthritis (OA). Colocalizes with ASPN in chondrocytes within OA lesions of articular cartilage.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
1. Delphine Boche, Colm Cunningham, Fabian Docagne. Neurobiol Dis. 2006 Feb 27 2. Shizuya Saika. Lab Invest. 2006 Feb;86(2):106-15
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